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Issue:ISSN 1000-7083
          CN 51-1193/Q
Director:Sichuan Association for Science and Technology
Sponsored by:Sichuan Society of Zoologists; Chengdu Giant Panda Breeding Research Foundation; Sichuan Association of Wildlife Conservation; Sichuan University
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Your Position :Home->Past Journals Catalog->2022 Vol.41 No.4

Impacts of Wildlife Trouble on Livelihoods of Farmers in the Wuyishan National Park
Author of the article:ZHOU Meiling1, CHENG Yu1,2,3, CHEN Zhelu1, QI Xinhua1,2,3*
Author's Workplace:1.School of Geographical Sciences, Fujian Normal University, Fuzhou 350007, China
2.Institute of Geography, Fujian Normal University, Fuzhou 350007, China
3.Key Laboratory for Humid Subtropical Eco‑Geographical Processes of the Ministry of Education, Fujian Normal University, Fuzhou 350007, China
Key Words:human?wildlife conflicts;sustainable livelihood;livelihood loss index;Wuyishan National Park
Abstract:Wildlife accidents in nature reserves have severe impact on farmers’ livelihoods. However, there are few research results on wildlife accidents in national parks from farmers’ livelihood capital. By taking Wuyishan National Park as the example and referring to the sustainable livelihood framework, this study constructs a framework for evaluating farmers’ livelihood losses in wildlife accidents. Based on the questionnaire survey of 449 households and the multiple regression model, the livelihood losses and their influencing factors were analyzed. The results showed that: (1) the loss of farmers’ livelihood caused by wildlife accidents was mainly reflected in natural capital, followed by social capital, material capital and financial capital, and the loss of human capital was the smallest; (2) gender, age, household labor force, household income, arable land area, livestock size, diversification of livelihoods and coping strategies, and distance from national parks had a certain impact on livelihood capital loss in all dimensions; (3) farmers acted accordingly by changing the planting structure and occupation type, moving, reducing going out, and etc. They also took some traditional ways such as beating in turn at night, using the horn, making “sweat clothes” and so on. Finally, the countermeasures to alleviate the conflict between community farmers and wild animals were put forward. This study may provide scientific reference for alleviating the conflict between people and wild animals in the nature reserve system with the main body of national parks, and realizing the coexistence of people and wild animals.
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