Latest Cover

Online Office

Contact Us

Issue:ISSN 1000-7083
          CN 51-1193/Q
Director:Sichuan Association for Science and Technology
Sponsored by:Sichuan Society of Zoologists; Chengdu Giant Panda Breeding Research Foundation; Sichuan Association of Wildlife Conservation; Sichuan University
Address:College of Life Sciences, Sichuan University, No.29, Wangjiang Road, Chengdu, Sichuan Province, 610064, China
Tel:+86-28-85410485
Fax:+86-28-85410485
Email:scdwzz@vip.163.com & scdwzz001@163.com
Your Position :Home->Past Journals Catalog->2021 Vol.40 No.4

Behavioral Difference of Captive South China Tigers During Spring Night
Author of the article:ZHANG Fengwei1, SHI Weibin2, MA Jinghua2, ZHANG Xianfu1, LU Qingbin1*
Author's Workplace:1. College of Animal Sci-Technology and College of Veterinary Medicine, Zhejiang A&F University, Key Laboratory of Applied Technology on Green-Eco-Healthy Animal Husbandry of Zhejiang Province, Zhejiang Provincial Engineering Laboratory for Animal Health Inspection and Internet Technology, Hangzhou 311300, China;
2. Hangzhou Safari Park, Hangzhou 310000, China
Key Words:Panthera tigris amoyensis; nocturnal behavior; vigilance; male-female difference; behavior diversity
Abstract:Behaviors of 7 captive South China tigers (Panthera tigris amoyensis) (2 females and 5 males) were observed at the Hangzhou Safari Park from March to May, 2019. The focal-animal sampling methods were used to study their behavior time distribution and rhythm during spring night. The results showed that the main nocturnal behaviors of the tigers were resting (74.40%±2.44%), moving (9.23%±2.23%), licking (5.67%±0.97%) and watching (4.98%±1.29%), and the secondary behaviors were turning over (4.17%±0.80%), feeding (0.70%±0.28%), frequent urination (0.27%±0.18%), sniffing (0.20%±0.10%), defecation (0.18%±0.06%), grabbing (0.13%±0.07%) and roaring (0.07%±0.08%). Most of the behaviors between male and female tigers were similar, but the behavior time distribution and the rhythms of turning over and watching were significantly different (P<0.05 or P<0.01). These findings indicated that the males still maintained a certain wildness and had higher vigilance, while the females had higher degree of domestication. Moreover, the urination behavior frequency of the females was significantly higher than that of males, and this indicated that the females were in estrus and spontaneously produced the odor of sexual attraction. In short, due to the limitation of captive space and the influence of stable breeding environment, the South China tigers gradually lost the vigilance and wildness, and this may further result in the reduction of behavior diversity.
2021,40(4): 424-430 收稿日期:2020-11-27
分类号:Q959.8
基金项目:圈养华南虎繁殖相关关键技术研究项目(H20170184);浙江省临安区政府支持项目(L20170203)
作者简介:张凤伟,男,动物科学专业,研究方向:动物行为学,E-mail:1193283253@qq.com
*通信作者:鲁庆斌,副教授,研究方向:动物资源保护与利用,E-mail:406505064@qq.com
参考文献:
曹青. 2008. 散养华南虎行为学及其潜在栖息地的分析[D]. 北京:北京林业大学.
曹青, 胡德夫, 陆军, 等. 2009. 散养条件下华南虎不同年龄组行为节律的比较[J]. 生态学报, 29(6):2767-2774.
戴思, 傅文源, 兰作闽, 等. 2018. 笼舍和洞穴两种条件下出生的幼年华南虎警戒行为比较[J]. 四川动物, 37(1):15-21.
高耀亭. 1987. 中国动物志:兽纲 第8卷 食肉目[M]. 北京:科学出版社.
廖锐章, 梁汉明, 潘德成, 等. 2019. 圈养东北虎繁殖行为特点观察[J]. 野生动物学报, 40(2):448-452.
蒋志刚. 2004. 动物行为原理与物种保护方法[M]. 北京:科学出版社.
蒋志刚, 李春旺, 彭建军, 等. 2001. 行为的结构、刚性和多样性[J]. 生物多样性, 9(3):265-274.
刘宁娜, 初红军, 张钧泳, 等. 2016. 卡拉麦里山雌雄盘羊行为差异及一致性研究[J]. 干旱区研究, 33(1):197-203.
刘群秀, 王爱善, 夏菊兴, 等. 2014. 应用气味丰容减少圈养华南虎(Panthera tigris amoyensis)的刻板行为[J]. 野生动物学报, 35(4):376-380.
尚玉昌. 2005. 动物行为学[M]. 北京:北京大学出版社.
马建章, 张明海, 姜广顺, 等. 2015. 我国老虎及其栖息地保护面临的挑战与对策[J]. 野生动物学报, 36(2):129-133.
马敬华, 施伟斌, 徐卫南, 等. 2020. 圈养雌性华南虎分娩期的个体行为研究[J]. 野生动物学报, 41(3):746-752.
乔征磊, 张洪海, 马建章, 等. 2015. 半散养东北虎繁殖期PAE编码行为谱的构建[J]. 生态学杂志, 34(3):736-743.
王力军, 洪美玲, 陈兴军. 2005. 不同饲养条件下海南坡鹿幼体春季昼间行为时间分配及活动节律[J]. 兽类学报, 25(1):9-13.
王维, 沈庆永, 殷毓中. 2003. 华南虎圈养种群的统计分析[J]. 兽类学报, 23(1):6-9.
吴志勇, 李东涛, 刘道强. 2012. 丰容对圈养华南虎行为影响的初探[J]. 野生动物, 33(6):313-314, 356.
杨思林, 刘宁, 李纯. 2012. 笼养孟加拉虎雌雄白昼行为的差异[J]. 内蒙古林业调查设计, 35(4):98-100, 29.
于洪伟, 刘丹, 周绍春, 等. 2012. 圈养东北虎幼仔行为的研究[J]. 林业科技, 37(6):41-43.
张利存, 李玉春. 2007. 动物性别分离机制的研究进展[J]. 海南师范学院学报(自然科学版), 20(3):272-276.
仲阳康. 2006. 圈养华南虎的行为与生理生态研究[D]. 上海:华东师范大学.
Caine NG, Potter MP, Mayer KE.1992. Sleeping site selection by captive tamarins (Saguinus labiatus)[J]. Ethology, 90(1):63-71.
Fàbregas MC, Fosgate GT, Koehler GM. 2015. Hunting performance of captive-born South China tigers (Panthera tigris amoyensis) on free-ranging prey and implications for their reintroduction[J]. Biological Conservation, 192:57-64.
Suraci JP, Clinchy M, Zanette LY, et al. 2019. Fear of humans as apex predators has landscape-scale impacts from mountain lions to mice[J]. Ecology Letters, 22(10):1578-1586.
Qin YY, Nyhus PJ, Larson CL, et al. 2015. An assessment of South China tiger reintroduction potential in Hupingshan and Houhe National Nature Reserves, China[J]. Biological Conservation, 182:72-86.
Ruckstuhl KE, Kokko H. 2002. Modelling sexual segregation in ungulates:effects of group size, activity budgets and synchrony[J]. Animal Behaviour, 64(6):909-914.
Ruckstuhl KE, Neuhaus P. 2002. Sexual segregation in ungulates:a comparative test of three hypotheses[J]. Biological Reviews, 77(1):77-96.
Tilson R, Hu DF, Muntifering J, et al. 2004. Dramatic decline of wild South China tigers Panthera tigris amoyensis:field survey of priority tiger reserves[J]. Oryx, 38(1):40-47.
Zhang WP, Xu X, Yue BS, et al. 2019. Sorting out the genetic background of the last surviving South China tigers[J]. Heredity, 110(6):641-650.
CopyRight©2021 Editorial Office of Sichuan Journal of Zoology 蜀ICP备08107403号-3