Latest Cover

Online Office

Contact Us

Issue:ISSN 1000-7083
          CN 51-1193/Q
Director:Sichuan Association for Science and Technology
Sponsored by:Sichuan Society of Zoologists; Chengdu Giant Panda Breeding Research Foundation; Sichuan Association of Wildlife Conservation; Sichuan University
Address:College of Life Sciences, Sichuan University, No.29, Wangjiang Road, Chengdu, Sichuan Province, 610064, China
Tel:+86-28-85410485
Fax:+86-28-85410485
Email:scdwzz@vip.163.com & scdwzz001@163.com
Your Position :Home->Past Journals Catalog->2021 Vol.40 No.4

Activity Rhythm of Hystrix brachyuran and Its Meteorological Affecting Factors in the Xishui National Nature Reserve, Guizhou
Author of the article:DAI Zhengxian1#, YANG Guangmei2#, HU Canshi3, ZHANG Mingming2,3, SU Haijun2,3*
Author's Workplace:1. Xishui National Nature Reserve Administration, Xishui, Guizhou Province 564600, China;
2. College of Forestry, Guizhou University, Guiyang 550025, China;
3. Biodiversity and Nature Conservation Research Center, Guizhou University, Guiyang 550025, China
Key Words:Hystrix brachyura; infrared-camera monitoring; activity rhythm; meteorological factors
Abstract:Malayan porcupines (Hystrix brachyuran) are widely distributed in the mountainous areas of southern China. However, the ecological studies concerning this species are rare. In this study, camera-trapping technology was used to investigate the activity rhythm of H. brachyuran and its meteorological affecting factors in the Xishui National Nature Reserve (Guizhou Province) from July 2015 to November 2017. The results showed that:1) H. brachyuran is a unimodal nocturnal animal species, and its diel activity rhythms differed with seasons. The diel activity rhythms of this species in autumn was significantly different from that in other seasons, and no significant difference was detected in other seasons. 2) There was no significant difference between the activity frequency at different lunar-phases (χ2=1.116, df=5, P=0.953). The diel activity intensity decreased with the increasing of the moonlight intensity, and its activity intensity index at New Moon was the highest, while that at the Waning Crescent was the lowest. 3) The diel activity intensity of H. brachyuran showed significant positive correlations with average temperature (r=0.468, P=0.034) and average relative air humidity (r=0.498, P=0.025). By contrast, its annual activity intensity only showed significant positive correlation with average temperature (r=0.769, P=0.008). In conclusion, H. brachyuran in the Xishui National Nature Reserve has fixed diel active rhythm and activity intensity pattern, which might be influenced by moon phases, temperature and relative air humidity. This study provides a helpful reference for further biological and ecological studies on H. brachyuran.
2021,40(4): 415-423 收稿日期:2020-11-17
分类号:Q959.837
基金项目:习水国家级自然保护区野生动物红外相机监测科技支撑校地合作项目;国家第二次陆生野生动物资源调查大娄山常规调查项目
作者简介:戴正先(1990-),学士,林业中级工程师,林学(森林资源管理)专业,E-mail:450087661@qq.com;杨光美(1996-),硕士研究生,野生动植物保护与利用专业,E-mail:1028451905@qq.com
*通信作者:粟海军,E-mail:hjsu@gzu.edu.cn
参考文献:
陈超, 杨志松, 潘载杨, 等. 2015. 圈养大熊猫发情期间行为变化和活动节律研究[J]. 四川动物, 34(2):161-168.
郭冬生, 龚群辉, 彭小兰. 2012. 豪猪生物学特性与养殖技术研究[J]. 黑龙江畜牧兽医, (12):134-135.
姬程鹏, 周建伟, 楚彬, 等. 2018. 祁连山东段高原鼢鼠暖季活动节律及其影响因素[J]. 兽类学报, 38(2):201-210.
孔红. 2001. 贵州习水国家级自然保护区[J]. 野生动物学报, 22(5):22-23.
李涛, 孟德怀, 滕丽微, 等. 2020. 基于红外相机技术的罗山国家级自然保护区赤狐的活动节律[J]. 野生动物学报, 41(4):891-896.
刘冬志, 黄效文, 初红军, 等. 2015. 基于红外相机陷阱技术的蒙新河狸(Caster fiber birulai)活动节律[J]. 干旱区研究, 32(1):205-211.
刘军, 阳水刚, 丰艳平, 等. 2005. 食物及温湿度对豪猪生长发育的影响[J]. 中国林副特产, 5(78):38-40.
马飞雁, 余俊晓, 陈珉, 等. 2013. 圈养獐夏季昼夜行为时间分配及活动节律[J]. 兽类学报, 33(1):28-34.
马瑞俊, 蒋志刚. 2005. 全球气候变化对动物的影响[J]. 生态学报, 25(11):3061-3066.
渠畅, 赵丽娜, 程鲲, 等. 2019. 圈养环境下黑帽悬猴行为时间分配和活动节律[J]. 野生动物学报, 40(2):279-284.
任修涛, 杨艳艳, 张宁, 等. 2011. 光周期对棕色田鼠和昆明小鼠昼夜节律及活动的影响[J]. 动物学杂志, 46(4):32-39.
尚玉昌. 2006. 动物的行为节律[J]. 生物学通报, 41(10):8-10.
Smith AT, 谢焱. 2009. 中国兽类野外手册[M]. 长沙:湖南教育出版社.
唐卓, 杨建, 刘雪华, 等. 2017. 基于红外相机技术对四川卧龙国家级自然保护区雪豹(Panthera uncia)的研究[J]. 生物多样性, 25(1):62-70.
宛新荣, 刘伟, 王广和, 等. 2006. 典型草原区布氏田鼠的活动节律及其季节变化[J]. 兽类学报, 26(3):226-234.
汪国海, 施泽攀, 李生强, 等. 2019. 基于红外相机技术对帚尾豪猪活动节律和时间分配初步观察[J]. 兽类学报, 39(1):65-71.
温立嘉, 郭玉民, 黄建, 等. 2016. 帚尾豪猪活动节律及其与月光周期的相关性[J]. 动物学杂志, 51(3):347-352.
武晓东, 袁帅, 付和平, 等. 2016. 不同干扰下阿拉善荒漠啮齿动物优势种对气候变化的响应[J]. 生态学报, 36(6):289-297.
原宝东, 孔繁繁. 2011. 哺乳动物活动节律研究进展[J]. 安徽农业科学, 39(2):1056-1058.
曾缙祥, 王祖望, 韩永才. 1981. 五种小哺乳动物活动节律的初步研究[J]. 兽类学报, 1(2):189-197.
张飞宇, 周富斐, 周建伟, 等. 2020. 高原鼢鼠繁殖季日活动模式及其影响因素[J]. 动物学杂志, 55(3):297-305.
张荣祖. 1997. 中国哺乳动物分布[M]. 北京:中国林业出版社.
张小刚, 麻安卫, 张卫国, 等. 2017. 地下啮齿动物的生存环境及对代谢的影响[J]. 黑龙江畜牧兽医, (3):219-222.
张亚兰, 俞红燕, 汪丽芬, 等. 2020. 圈养黑猩猩冬季日活动时间分配及行为节律[J]. 野生动物学报, 41(1):29-34.
赵联军, 刘鸣章, 罗春平, 等. 2020. 四川王朗国家级自然保护区血雉的日活动节律研究[J]. 四川动物, 39(2):121-128.
Farida WR, Sari AP, Inayah N, et al. 2019. Observations of behavioral development on common porcupines (Hystrix brachyura) undergoing domestication[J/OL]. IOP Conference Series:Earth and Environmental Science, 308(1):012076[2020-10-02]. https://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/308/1/012076.
Jiang G, Zhao T, Liu J, et al. 2011. Effects of ENSO-linked climate and vegetation on population dynamics of sympatric rodent species in semiarid grasslands of Inner Mongolia, China[J]. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 89(8):678-691.
Jennifer D,Falcy MR, Krenz JD, et al. 2010. Correlating small mammal abundance to climatic variation over twenty years[J]. Journal of Mammalogy, 91(1):193-199.
Lindroth RL, Batzli GO. 1984. Food habits of the meadow vole (Microtus pennsylvanicus) in bluegrass and prairie habitats[J]. Journal of Mammalogy, 65(4):600-606.
Myers P, Lundrigan BL, Hoffman SMG, et al. 2010. Climate-induced changes in the small mammal communities of the Northern Great Lakes Region[J]. Global Change Biology, 15(6):1434-1454.
Noga KS, Tamar D. 2003. Partitioning of time as an ecological resource:annual review of ecology[J]. Evolution and Systematics, 34:153-181.
O'Brien TG, Kinnaird MF, Wibisono HT. 2003. Crouching tigers, hidden prey:Sumatran tiger and prey populations in a tropical forest landscape[J]. Animal Conservation, 6(2):131-139.
O'Connell AF, Nichols JD, Karanth KU. 2011. Camera traps in animal ecology:methods and analyses[J]. Mastozoología Neotropical, 18(1):161-163.
Price MV, Waser NM, Bass TA. 1984. Effects of moonlight on microhabitat use by desert rodents[J]. Journal of Mammalogy, 65(2):353-356.
Ridout MS, Linkie M. 2009. Estimating overlap of daily activity patterns from camera trap data[J]. Journal of Agricultural Biological and Environmental Statistics, 14(2):322-327.
Ota A, Takagi E, Yasuda M, et al. 2019. Effects of nonlethal tourist activity on the diel activity patterns of mammals in a national park in Peninsular Malaysia[J/OL]. Global Ecology and Conservation, 20:e00772[2020-10-20]. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gecco.2019.e00772.
Tanomtong A, Supanuam P, Sangpakdee W, et al. 2009. The first cytogenetic study of the Malayan porcupine, Hystrix brachyuran (Rodentia, Hystricidae) by conventional staining and g-banding technique[J]. Cytologia, 73(3):221-228.
Vickery WL, Bider JR. 1981. The influence of weather on rodent activity[J]. Journal of Mammalogy, 62(1):140-145.
Xia CJ, Liu W, Xu WX, et al. 2013. Diurnal time budgets and activity rhythm of the Asiatic wild ass Equus hemionus in Xinjiang, western China[J]. Pakistan Journal of Zoology, 45(5):1241-1248.
Zar JH. 2010. Biostatistical analysis 5th edition[M]. New Jersey:Pearson Prentic Hall.
CopyRight©2021 Editorial Office of Sichuan Journal of Zoology 蜀ICP备08107403号-3