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Issue:ISSN 1000-7083
          CN 51-1193/Q
Director:Sichuan Association for Science and Technology
Sponsored by:Sichuan Society of Zoologists; Chengdu Giant Panda Breeding Research Foundation; Sichuan Association of Wildlife Conservation; Sichuan University
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Your Position :Home->Past Journals Catalog->2021 Vol.40 No.4

Camera Trapping Based Distribution and Daily Activity Rhythm of Wild Mammals in the Beijing Songshan National Nature Reserve
Author of the article:JIANG Jian1#, JU Longfei2#, FAN Yaqian1, ZHANG Hongliang1, SONG Ze1, BAO Weidong2*
Author's Workplace:1. Beijing Songshan National Nature Reserve Administration, Beijing 102115, China;
2. College of Biological Sciences and Technology, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing 100083, China
Key Words:2022 Winter Olympic Games; relative abundance index; daily activity rhythm; ungulate animals; predator
Abstract:The alpine skiing center of the 2022 Winter Olympic Games was planned to be constructed around the Beijing Songshan National Nature Reserve. Therefore, it is important to understand the wildlife dynamics for landscape transformation. In this study, camera trapping survey was carried out to investigate the distribution and population abundance of the major wild mammal species in 2017. The results showed that 14 species of wild mammals belongs to 10 families and 3 orders were recorded. The class Ⅱ nationally key protected species, Chinese goral (Naemorhedus griseus), was detected in Yudushan area, indicating the habitat expansion of this species. Wild boars (Sus scrofa) were still abundant in Songshan area due to the relatively high food supplement. Hog badgers (Arctonyx collaris) had a larger population size (RAI=6.88) than Asian badgers (Meles leucurus) (RAI=2.48). Weasels (Mustela sibirica) and hares (Lepus tolai) were recorded less by camera traps, indicating low relative abundance of them. Comparing with the survey data in 2013, the daily activity rhythm of leopard cats (Prionailurus bengalensis), M. leucurus, A. collaris, S. scrofa, Siberian chipmunks (Tamias sibiricus) and Pére Darid's rock squirrels (Sciurotamias davidianus) were significantly different (P<0.01). This indicated that the building construction of the 2022 Winter Olympic Games had an impact on the behaviors of wildlife. This study made a primary population survey on major mammal species, and supplied basic information for further monitoring.
2021,40(4): 374-382 收稿日期:2020-11-20
分类号:Q958
基金项目:北京市科技计划项目:冬奥北京山地赛区生态环境保护与跟踪评价(Z181100005318004);北京松山自然保护区珍稀哺乳动物保护监测项目(2017004)
作者简介:蒋健,本科生,从事自然保护区管理,E-mail:10976366@qq.com;巨龙飞,硕士研究生,研究方向为野生动物监测,E-mail:jlf_6684@qq.com
*通信作者:鲍伟东,博士,副教授,主要从事野生动物生态学研究,E-mail:wdbao@bjfu.edu.cn
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