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Issue:ISSN 1000-7083
          CN 51-1193/Q
Director:Sichuan Association for Science and Technology
Sponsored by:Sichuan Society of Zoologists; Chengdu Giant Panda Breeding Research Foundation; Sichuan Association of Wildlife Conservation; Sichuan University
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Your Position :Home->Past Journals Catalog->2021 Vol.40 No.4

Genetic Diversity and Phylogeography of Opsariichthys macrolepis from the Upper and Middle Yangtze River Based on Cytochrome b Sequences
Author of the article:GAO Jiaxin1,2, YU Dan1, LIU Huanzhang1*
Author's Workplace:1. Key Laboratory of Aquatic Biodiversity and Conversation, Institute of Hydrobiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan 430072, China;
2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
Key Words:Opsariichthys macrolepis; genetic diversity; phylogeography; cyt b gene; Pleistocene glaciation
Abstract:In the present study, the genetic diversity, population demography and phylogeography of 13 Opsariichthys macrolepis Yang et Huang populations from the upper Yangtze River and 9 tributaries were investigated based on mitochondrial DNA cytochrome b gene sequences. A total of 79 haplotypes were identified from 414 individuals with relatively high haplotype and nucleotide diversity (h=0.930 1, π=0.129 421). The results of haplotype-based phylogenetic analysis using Maximum Likelihood and Bayesian trees revealed 2 major lineages (Lineage A and Lineage B), representing a significant west-east split. Lineage A was consisted exclusively of populations from 2 tributaries (Hanjiang River and Qingjiang River) of the middle Yangtze River, while Lineage B mainly from the upper Yangtze River and Yuanjiang River. According to the molecular clock, these 2 lineages began to diverge in the early Pleistocene (around 1.34 Ma). Pairwise comparison of genetic differentiation index (FST) among populations ranged from -0.016 24 to 0.998 27, and most pairs showed a high degree of differentiation, indicating significant genetic isolation among populations. In addition, some population structures could be identified based on spatial analysis of molecular variance. For example, populations from Laohe River, Renhe River and Qingjiang River showed significant differentiation from other populations. The result of Bayesian skyline plot showed that most populations experienced demographic expansion or contraction during 0.01-0.04 Ma, and this was probably correlated with the glacial-interglacial cycle. This study suggests that the uplift of Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau and Pleistocene glacial cycles may have played vital roles in shaping the genetic patterns and demographic history of O. macrolepis from the upper and middle Yangtze River.
2021,40(4): 361-373 收稿日期:2020-10-13
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