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          CN 51-1193/Q
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Your Position :Home->Past Journals Catalog->2021 Vol.40 No.1

Cluster Patterns and Spatiotemporal Activity Patterns of Wild Roe Deer in the Tianjin Baxianshan National Nature Reserve
Author of the article:CHEN Qiuting1, ZHAO Tiejian2, FENG Xiaomei2, SUN Guoming2, ZHU Jinbao2, WANG Yushen2, ZHAO Dapeng1*
Author's Workplace:1. College of Life Sciences, Tianjin Normal University, Tianjin 300387, China;
2. Administration Bureau of Tianjin Baxianshan National Nature Reserve, Tianjin 301909, China
Key Words:Capreolus pygargus; camera trapping technology; cluster pattern; spatiotemporal activity patterns
Abstract:From June 2017 to March 2019, camera trapping technology was used to investigate the cluster pattern and spatiotemporal activity of wild roe deer (Capreolus pygargus) in the Tianjin Baxianshan National Nature Reserve. We found that: 1) roe deer had 5 cluster patterns with one-male and one-female as the main patterns, and the occurrence frequencies of various cluster patterns showed significant seasonal differences (χ2=10.867, df=3, P=0.012), temperature differences (χ2=12.141, df=4, P=0.016) and altitude differences (χ2=13.286, df=3, P=0.004); 2) the daily activity curve was bimodal with no significant seasonal difference, and the activity peak mainly concentrated at the periods of 05:00-07:00 and 18:00-20:00; 3) among different temperatures and altitudes, the peak of relative activity intensity of roe deer ranged from 11 ℃ to 20 ℃ and 501-700 m, respectively; 4) there was an extremely significant seasonal difference in the relative activity intensity (χ2=49.535, df=3, P<0.000 1) of roe deer, and that in autumn was significantly higher than in other seasons. In conclusion, this study demonstrates that cluster patterns and spatiotemporal activity patterns of wild roe deer can be influenced by seasonal factors to varying degrees, and thus provides scientific reference for the ecological protection of wild roe deer and the integrative management of nature reserves.
2021,40(1): 8-14 收稿日期:2020-08-25
分类号:Q958.1;Q959.842
基金项目:中央财政林业补助资金项目——天津八仙山国家级自然保护区野生动物监测专项;天津市级大学生创新创业训练计划项目(202010065058);国家自然科学基金项目(31772468)
作者简介:陈秋婷,女,本科生,主要从事野生动物资源保护研究,E-mail:1751339379@qq.com
*通信作者:赵大鹏,E-mail:skyzdp@tjnu.edu.cn
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