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Issue:ISSN 1000-7083
          CN 51-1193/Q
Director:Sichuan Association for Science and Technology
Sponsored by:Sichuan Society of Zoologists; Chengdu Giant Panda Breeding Research Foundation; Sichuan Association of Wildlife Conservation; Sichuan University
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Your Position :Home->Past Journals Catalog->2021 Vol.40 No.1

Effects of Road Type on the Distribution of Great Gerbil in the Kalamaili Mountain Ungulate Nature Reserve, China
Author of the article:WANG Muyang1,2, JI Shengnan3*, SHAO Changliang4, XU Wenxuan1,2, CHEN Chen1,2,5, YANG Weikang1,2*
Author's Workplace:1. State Key Laboratory of Desert and Oasis Ecology, Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Urumqi 830011, China;
2. Mori Wildlife Monitoring and Experimentation Station, Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Mori, Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region 831900, China;
3. Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences, Beijing 100012, China;
4. Management Center of Xinjiang Kalamaili Mountain Ungulate Nature Reserve, Urumqi 830000, China;
5. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
Key Words:Rhombomys opimus; Junggar Desert; road network; habitat
Abstract:Road traffic is the hinge of social and economic development, and understanding how roads influence the connectivity of wildlife populations is one of the challenges in road ecology. Small mammals serve as indicators of environmental impacts and play a key role in ecosystems. During July 10-17, 2020, the effects of 3 different types of roads on the distribution of great gerbils (Rhombomys opimus), i.e. number of burrows, number of hole groups and area of hole groups, were investigated in the Kalamaili Mountain Ungulate Nature Reserve, Xinjiang Autonomous Region. The results showed that the national road No. 216 had the highest effect on the distribution of R. opimus, followed by the county road and the country side road. The 3 types of roads mainly influenced the number and area of hole groups. The number of hole groups peaked at 800 m on both sides of the national road No. 216, but only 100 m on the county roads, and 10 m on the country side roads. The peak area of hole groups on both sides of the national road No. 216 and the county road was 800 m, and the area of hole groups had no correlation with the distance from the country side road. The pavement substrate, instead of traffic volume, might be the main factor related to the significantly different effects of road types on R. opimus. The present study may provide important scientific guidance for road management in the nature reserves.
2021,40(1): 1-7 收稿日期:2020-08-17
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