Latest Cover

Online Office

Contact Us

Issue:ISSN 1000-7083
          CN 51-1193/Q
Director:Sichuan Association for Science and Technology
Sponsored by:Sichuan Society of Zoologists; Chengdu Giant Panda Breeding Research Foundation; Sichuan Association of Wildlife Conservation; Sichuan University
Address:College of Life Sciences, Sichuan University, No.29, Wangjiang Road, Chengdu, Sichuan Province, 610064, China
Fax:+86-28-85410485 &
Your Position :Home->Past Journals Catalog->2020 Vol.39 No.5

Study on the Economic Threshold of Wild Boar Damage Under the Countermeasures of Amur Tiger's and Wild Boar's Sound and Solar Blinker
Author of the article:CUI Shuang, LIU Bingwan*
Author's Workplace:College of Wildlife and Protected Area, Northeast Forestry University, Harbin 150040, China
Key Words:Sus scrofa; Panthera tigris altaica; solar blinker; damage control; economic loss; economic threshold
Abstract:From August to October in 2018, the economic threshold of the countermeasures of the wild boar (Sus scrofa) damages has been carried out using the sound of the Amur tiger (Panthera tigris altaica), the screaming of S. scrofa and the solar blinker in Hunchun Area, Jilin Province. Four experimental groups (5 plots per group) including the sound of the screaming of P. t. altaica (15 s), S. scrofa (15 s) and superposition of them (30 s) with 5 min interval repeatedly (group A), the sound of P. t. altaica for 1 min with 5 min interval (group B), the 1 000 mA red solar blinker (group C) and blank matched group (group D), were set. All the plots were set in the farmland adjacent to the forest. The sounds were played continuously from dusk to dawn, and the solar blinker was controlled by light switch. The damage of S. scrofa within 24 h on farmland within 50 m of the countermeasures was recorded from 07:00 to 07:30 each day. The effect of countermeasures was analyzed by Mann-Whitney U test, and the relationship between corn (Zea mays) loss rate and the number of S. scrofa were analyzed by the regression fitting analysis. The results showed that: (1) There were significant differences in the validity period between the experimental groups and the control group (P=0.001). The validity periods of groups A and C were longer (27.00 d±1.87 d and 31.80 d±3.56 d) than the control group (1.80 d±0.75 d); (2) The corn loss rate (4.41%±2.24%) and economic loss (639.04 yuan±289.15 yuan) were the lowest in group A, while the highest values were detected in the control group (48.33%±5.42% and 6 703.38 yuan±412.20 yuan, respectively); (3) The regression equation between the loss rate of corn (y) and the number of S. scrofa (x) was y=0.095-0.116x+0.048x2; (4) When the number of S. scrofa per hectare reached 2.09±0.28 and 2.15±0.18, the countermeasures in groups A and C should be taken respectively. This study provides a reference for the effective control of S. scrofa damages and the decrease in the management cost and also contributes to the research on the other wildlife damage control.
2020,39(5): 531-537 收稿日期:2019-12-10
崔娟, 李旋, 许喆, 等. 2017. 柳叶刺蓼对玉米生长的影响及其经济阈值研究[J]. 玉米科学, 25(5):141-144, 151.
何东进, 洪伟. 1998. 害虫防治经济阈值研究进展[J]. 福建林业科技, 4:8-13.
黄惠敏, 王廷正. 1999. 豫西黄土高原农作区棕色田鼠对农作物的危害及经济阈值的研究[J]. 兽类学报, 3:61-66.
江晓萍, 徐基良, 李建强, 等. 2018. 基于MaxEnt生态位模型分析江西省人与野猪冲突的空间分布[J]. 森林与环境学报, 38(3):334-340.
李晓, 石程仁, 鞠倩, 等. 2016. 蛴螬为害花生的产量损失及经济阈值研究[J]. 花生学报, 45(2):54-57, 67.
宋琪, 刘丙万. 2018.太阳能警示灯对野猪危害农田影响研究[J]. 动物学杂志, 53(1):32-39.
苏永志, 宛新荣, 王梦军, 等. 2013. 典型草原区布氏田鼠鼠害防治的经济阈值[J]. 动物学杂志, 48(4):521-525.
孙儒泳. 2001. 动物生态学原理[M]. 北京:北京师范大学出版社.
张丹, 刘丙万. 2012. 黑龙江青云林场野猪危害调查及防治[J]. 野生动物, 33(2):59-63.
张鸣天, 刘丙万, 刘丹. 2015. 吉林珲春地区野猪危害防控研究[J]. 动物学杂志, 50(6):819-827.
Amici A, Serrani F, Rossi CM, et al. 2012. Increase in crop damage caused by wild boar (Sus scrofa):the "refuge effect"[J]. Agronomy for Sustainable Development, 32(3):683-692.
Bleier N, Lehoczki R, Ujvary D, et al. 2012. Relationships between wild ungulate density and crop damage in Hungary[J]. Acta Theriologica, 57(4):351-359.
Bobek B, Furtek J, Bobek J, et al. 2017. Spatio-temporal characteristics of crop damage caused by wild boar in north-eastern Poland[J]. Crop Protection, 93:106-112.
Cai J, Jiang Z, Zeng Y, et al. 2008. Factors affecting crop damage by wild boar and methods of mitigation in a giant panda reserve[J]. European Journal of Wildlife Research, 54(4):723-728.
Calenge G, Maillard D, Fournier P, et al. 2004. Efficiency of spreading maize in the garrigues to reduce wild boar (Sus scrofa) damage to Mediterranean vineyards[J]. European Journal of Wildlife Research, 50(3):112-120.
Geisser H, Reyer H. 2004. Efficacy of hunting, feeding, and fencing to reduce crop damage by wild boars[J]. The Journal of Wildlife Management, 68(4):939-946.
Honda T, Sugita M. 2007. Environmental factors affecting damage by wild boars (Sus scrofa) to rice fields in Yamanashi Prefecture, central Japan[J]. Mammal Study, 32(4):173-176.
Hoogland JL. 1983. Nepotism and alarm calling in the black-tailed prairie dog (Cynomys ludovicianus)[J]. Animal Behaviour, 31(2):472-479.
Massei G, Kindberg J, Licoppe A, et al. 2015. Wild boar populations up, numbers of hunters down? A review of trends and implications for Europe[J]. Pest Management Science, 71(4):492-500.
Naughtontreves L. 1998. Predicting patterns of crop damage by wildlife around Kibale National Park, Uganda[J]. Conservation Biology, 12(1):156-168.
Nishimori Y, Konoshima M. 2016. Exploring efficient buffer placement for mitigating crop damage by wild boars with an agent-based spatial modeling of foraging behavior[J]. Journal of Environmental Information Science, 44 (5):51-62.
Ohashi H, Saito M, Horie R, et al. 2013. Differences in the activity pattern of the wild boar (Sus scrofa) related to human disturbance[J]. European Journal of Wildlife Research, 59(2):167-177.
Saito M, Momose H, Mihira T. 2011. Both environmental factors and countermeasures affect wild boar damage to rice paddies in Boso Peninsula, Japan[J]. Crop Protection, 30(8):1048-1054.
Schlageter A, Haagwackernagel D. 2012. Evaluation of an odor repellent for protecting crops from wild boar damage[J]. Journal of Pest Science, 85(2):209-215.
Schley L, Dufrêne M, Krier A, et al. 2008. Patterns of crop damage by wild boar (Sus scrofa) in Luxembourg over a 10-year period[J]. European Journal of Wildlife Research, 54(4):589-599.
Thurfjell H, Spong G, Ericsson G. 2013. Effects of hunting on wild boar (Sus scrofa) behaviour[J]. Wildlife Biology, 19(1):87-93.
Vijayan S, Pad B. 2002. Impact of changing cropping patterns on man-animal conflicts around Gir Protected Area with specific reference to Talala sub-district, Gujarat, India[J]. Population and Environment, 23(6):541-559.
CopyRight©2020 Editorial Office of Sichuan Journal of Zoology