Latest Cover

Online Office

Contact Us

Issue:ISSN 1000-7083
          CN 51-1193/Q
Director:Sichuan Association for Science and Technology
Sponsored by:Sichuan Society of Zoologists; Chengdu Giant Panda Breeding Research Foundation; Sichuan Association of Wildlife Conservation; Sichuan University
Address:College of Life Sciences, Sichuan University, No.29, Wangjiang Road, Chengdu, Sichuan Province, 610064, China
Tel:+86-28-85410485
Fax:+86-28-85410485
Email:scdwzz@vip.163.com & scdwzz001@163.com
Your Position :Home->Past Journals Catalog->2020 Vol.39 No.4

Biodiversity and Spatio-Temporal Patterns of Mammals in the Mabian Dafengding National Nature Reserve Using Camera Traps
Author of the article:FU Liqiang1, BAI Wenke2,3, GUO Zhenshan2, HUANG Yaohua1, LIYAN Wuye1, YANG Biao2, HOU Jin2, DONG Xin2, ZHANG Jindong2*, ZHOU Caiquan2,3
Author's Workplace:1. Sichuan Mabian Dafengding National Nature Reserve Administrative Bureau, Leshan, Sichuan Province 614600, China;
2. Key Laboratory of Southwest China Wildlife Resources Conservation, China West Normal University, Nanchong, Sichuan Province 637002, China;
3. Institute of Ecology, China West Normal University, Nanchong, Sichuan Province 637002, China
Key Words:Mabian Dafengding National Nature Reserve; infrared camera; spatio-temporal distribution; relative abundance; mammal diversity
Abstract:To investigate the diversity and spatio-temporal distribution of mammals in the Mabian Dafengding National Nature Reserve, Sichuan Province, 79 infrared cameras were installed in Yonghong, Gaozhuoying, Baijiawan, Shaqiang protection sites from October 2016 to October 2017. A total of 25 mammal species (belonging to 5 orders and 16 families) were recorded, and Ailurus fulgens, Macaca thibetana, Elaphodus cephalophus, Arctonyx collaris, Martes flavigula, Hystrix hodgsoni, Sus scrofa, Ailuropoda melanoleuca, Capricornis milneedwardsii and Prionailurus bengalensis were the top 10 abundant species as measured by the relative abundance index rank. Additionally, Ailurus fulgens and Ailuropoda melanoleuca showed higher activity frequency in autumn and winter, acting mainly in daytime. Macaca thibetana, a typical diurnal animal, had 2 seasonal activity peaks (in autumn and summer). By contrast, H. hodgsoni and P. bengalensis, the 2 typical nocturnal animals, showed relatively higher activity frequency in spring. In terms of distribution patterns, Macaca thibetana had the largest altitudinal range, followed by Ailurus fulgens and Martes flavigula. Furthermore, the diversity and distribution of the 10 abundant mammal species were significantly divergent across multiple altitudinal gradients in different seasons, indicating the characteristics of vertical migration. Based on the spatio-temporal characteristics of mammals' distribution, we suggest that more comprehensive and meticulous researches should be further conducted to offer scientific support and reference for making protection policies of the reserve.
2020,39(4): 442-452 收稿日期:2019-11-06
分类号:Q958.5
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(31572293;41571517);四川马边大风顶国家级自然保护区2016年禁止开发区补助资金项目;四川马边大风顶国家级自然保护区管理政策对大熊猫栖息地恢复成效评价项目;疑似分布在四川马边大风顶国家级自然保护区珍稀野生动物调查采购项目;西南野生动植物资源保护教育部重点实验室开放基金项目(XNYB12-2);西华师范大学英才基金项目(17YC358);西华师范大学博士科研启动项目(17E073;17E074)
作者简介:付励强(1990-),男,硕士,工程师,主要研究方向为自然保护区建设与有效管理,E-mail:flqiang418@163.com
*通信作者:张晋东,E-mail:zhangjd224@163.com
参考文献:
陈圣宾, 蒋高明, 高吉喜, 等. 2008. 生物多样性监测指标体系构建研究进展[J]. 生态学报, 28(10):5123-5132.
韩宗先, 胡锦矗, 杨建东. 2006. 小熊猫夏秋季的昼夜活动节律[J]. 四川动物, 25(3):597-602.
何静平. 1989. 国家重点保护野生动物名录[J]. 中华人民共和国国务院公报, (2):48.
侯金, 杨建, 李玉杰, 等. 2018. 基于红外相机调查的卧龙自然保护区兽类资源时空分布特征[J]. 南京林业大学学报(自然科学版), 42(3):187-192.
胡锦矗, 乔治·夏勒. 1985. 卧龙的大熊猫[M]. 成都:四川科学技术出版社.
贾晓东, 刘雪华, 杨兴中, 等. 2014. 利用红外相机技术分析秦岭有蹄类动物活动节律的季节性差异[J]. 生物多样性, 22(6):737-745.
蒋志刚, 刘少英, 吴毅, 等. 2017. 中国哺乳动物多样性(第2版)[J]. 生物多样性, 25(8):886-895.
蒋志刚, 马勇, 吴毅, 等. 2015. 中国哺乳动物多样性及地理分布[M]. 北京:科学出版社.
李广良, 李迪强, 薛亚东, 等. 2014. 利用红外相机研究神农架自然保护区野生动物分布规律[J]. 林业科学, 50(9):97-104.
李晟, 王大军, 肖治术, 等. 2014. 红外相机技术在我国野生动物研究与保护中的应用与前景[J]. 生物多样性, 22(6):685-695.
李治霖, 康霭黎, 郎建民, 等. 2014. 探讨基于红外相机技术对大型猫科动物及其猎物的种群评估方法[J]. 生物多样性, 22(6):725-732.
马克平. 2015. 中国生物多样性编目取得重要进展[J]. 生物多样性, 23(2):137-138.
Smith AT, 解焱. 2009. 中国兽类野外手册[M]. 长沙:湖南教育出版社.
孙儒泳. 2001. 动物生态学原理[M]. 北京:北京师范大学出版社.
汪国海, 李生强, 施泽攀, 等. 2016. 广西猫儿山自然保护区的兽类和鸟类多样性初步调查——基于红外相机监测数据[J]. 兽类学报, 36(3):338-347.
王维, 魏辅文, 胡锦矗. 1996. 马边大风顶自然保护区黑熊卧息行为的初步研究[J]. 四川动物, 15(4):179-180.
王渊, 初红军, 韩丽丽, 等. 2014. 基于红外相机陷阱技术的卡拉麦里山有蹄类自然保护区狼(Canis lupus)的活动节律[J]. 干旱区研究, 31(4):771-778.
魏辅文, 王维, 杨光, 等. 1996. 四川马边大风顶自然保护区林麝种群密度初步分析[J]. 四川师范学院学报(自然科学版), (3):93.
武阿莉, 陈鹏, 张晓峰. 2014. 长青保护区自动感应红外相机金猫拍摄率与种群密度[J]. 陕西林业科技, (1):22-24.
武鹏峰, 刘雪华, 蔡琼, 等. 2012. 红外相机技术在陕西观音山自然保护区兽类监测研究中的应用[J]. 兽类学报, 32(1):67-71.
肖文宏, 冯利民, 赵小丹, 等. 2014. 吉林珲春自然保护区东北虎和东北豹及其有蹄类猎物的多度与分布[J]. 生物多样性, 22(6):717-724.
肖治术, 李欣海, 姜广顺. 2014a. 红外相机技术在我国野生动物监测研究中的应用[J]. 生物多样性, 22(6):683-684.
肖治术, 杜晓军, 王学志, 等. 2014b. 利用红外相机对河南宝天曼森林动态监测样地鸟兽的初步调查[J]. 生物多样性, 22(6):813-815.
肖治术, 李欣海, 王学志, 等. 2014c. 探讨我国森林野生动物红外相机监测规范[J]. 生物多样性, 22(6):704-711.
肖治术. 2016. 红外相机技术促进我国自然保护区野生动物资源编目调查[J]. 兽类学报, 36(3):270-271.
徐龙辉, 余斯绵. 1981. 中国豪猪的生活习性和捕捉方法[J]. 动物学杂志, (3):15-18.
余梁哥, 陈敏杰, 杨士剑, 等. 2013. 利用红外相机调查屏边县大围山倭蜂猴、蜂猴及同域兽类[J]. 四川动物, 32(6):814-818.
袁景西, 张昌友, 谢文华, 等. 2016. 利用红外相机技术对九连山国家级自然保护区兽类和鸟类资源的初步调查[J]. 兽类学报, 36(3):367-372.
原宝东, 孔繁繁. 2011. 哺乳动物活动节律研究进展[J]. 安徽农业科学, 39(2):1056-1058, 1162.
张履冰, 崔绍朋, 黄元骏, 等. 2014. 红外相机技术在我国野生动物监测中的应用:问题与限制[J]. 生物多样性, 22(6):696-703.
张明霞, 曹林, 权锐昌, 等. 2014. 利用红外相机监测西双版纳森林动态样地的野生动物多样性[J]. 生物多样性, 22(6):830-832.
张鹏, 姜广顺, 肖治术. 2014. 运用红外相机和样线法调查黑龙江双河自然保护区兽类资源[J]. 生物多样性, 22(6):773-775.
郑生武, 李贵辉, 宋世英, 等. 1988. 猪獾的生态研究[J]. 兽类学报, 8(1):65-72.
Azlan JM, Sharma DSK. 2006. The diversity and activity patterns of wild felids in a secondary forest in Peninsular Malaysia[J]. Oryx, 40(1):36-41.
Bengsen AJ, Leung KP, Lapidge SJ, et al. 2011. Using a general index approach to analyze camera-trap abundance indices[J]. Journal of Wildlife Management, 75(5):1222-1227.
IUCN. 2017. The IUCN red list of threatened species[EB/OL]. (2017-07-01)[2016-02-02]. http://www.iucnredlist.org/search.
Kawanishi K, Sahak AM, Sunquist M. 1999. Preliminaty analysis on abundance of large mammals at Sungairelau, Taman Negara[J]. Journal of Wildlife and Parks, 17:62-82.
Liu XH, Wu PF, Songer M, et al. 2013. Monitoring wildlife abundance and diversity with infrared camera traps in Guanyinshan Nature Reserve of Shaanxi Province, China[J]. Ecological Indicators, 33(10):121-128.
Liu XH, Wu PF, Shao XM, et al. 2017. Diversity and activity patterns of sympatric animals among four types of forest habitat in Guanyinshan Nature Reserve in the Qinling Mountains, China[J]. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 24(19):1-13.
O'Brien TG, Kinnaird MF, Wibisono HT. 2003. Crouching tigers, hidden prey:Sumatran tiger and prey populations in a tropical forest landscape[J]. Animal Conservation, 6:131-139.
O'Connell AF, Nichols JD, Karanth UK. 2011. Camera traps in animal ecology methods and analyses[M]. New York:Springer.
Rowcliffe JM, Carbone C. 2008. Surveys using camera traps:are we looking to a brighter future?[J]. Animal Conservation, 11:185-186.
Swann DE, Hass CC, Wolf DSA. 2004. Infrared-triggered cameras for detecting wildlife:an evaluation and review[J]. Wildlife Society Bulletin, 32(2):357-365.
Zhang ZJ, Sheppard JK, Swaisgood RR, et al. 2014. Ecological scale and seasonal heterogeneity in the spatial behaviors of giant pandas[J]. Integrative Zoology, 9(1):46-60.
CopyRight©2020 Editorial Office of Sichuan Journal of Zoology