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Your Position :Home->Past Journals Catalog->2020 Vol.39 No.3

Nest-Site Selection of Sympatric Lonchura punctulata and Lonchura striata in an Artificial Garden
Author of the article:SUN Nan1,2, LIU Chenyang2, KONGKASAWAT Jittima3, AYUTHAVEL Kalaimani4, TUN Nay Lin5, AWASTHI Balram6, QUAN Ruichang2*, LIU Zehua1*
Author's Workplace:1. Department of Life Science, Qinghai Normal University, Xining 810008, China;
2. Center of Integrative Conservation, Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xishuangbanna, Yunnan Province 666303, China;
3. Khlong Nakha Wildlife Sanctuary, Ranong Province 85120, Thailand;
4. Department of Zoology and Wildlife Biology, Mayiladuthurai University, Tamil Nadu 609305, India;
5. Kunming Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming 650201, China;
6. Department of Zoology, Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu 10400, Nepal
Key Words:Lonchura punctulata; Lonchura striata; nest-site selection; niche differentiation; artificial garden
Abstract:Nest-site selection is important to ensure the success of bird survival and reproduction and to reduce the predation rate and interspecific competition. During 2016 to 2017, a survey for the sympatric scaly-breasted munia (Lonchura punctulata) and white-rumped munia (L. striata) was carried out in 3 study areas of an artificial botanical garden in Xishuangbanna, southwest China. Of the 15 recorded variables of nest-site characters, 14 numeric variables were applied to the logistic regression model to find out the key factors that influencing the nest-site selection of the 2 munias. The independent sample t-test and Mann-Whitney U-test were used to test the significance between their nest-site character selections, and the Permutation test was used to test the significance in their preferences of nest-tree species. It was found that the nest distribution patterns of the 2 munias varied differently among the 3 study areas. The distance to the nearest nest of different bird species, the diameter at breast height of the nest-tree, the distance to water source of the nest-tree and the nest height above ground were the key factors affecting their nest-site selection. Compared with L. striata, L. punctulata preferred building the nest higher in the tree with thinner breast diameter, further away from the nest of different species and closer to the water source. L. punctulata preferred interwoven trees, while L. striata preferred thorny ones, which may be their different defensive strategies against predators.
2020,39(3): 316-322 收稿日期:2019-06-14
分类号:Q959.7
基金项目:国家自然科学基金面上项目(31370452);中国科学院东南亚生物多样性研究中心核心研究组项目(Y4ZK111B01);中国科学院西双版纳热带植物园热带亚洲野外研究项目:2017年高级生态学与保护生物学野外培训(AFEC-X 2017)
作者简介:孙楠(1981—),女,硕士研究生,研究方向:动物生态和保护,E-mail:sunnan@xtbg.ac.cn
*通信作者:权锐昌,E-mail:330576442@qq.com;刘泽华,E-mail:quanrc@xtbg.ac.cn
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