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          CN 51-1193/Q
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Your Position :Home->Past Journals Catalog->2020 Vol.39 No.2

Comparison of Ant Community Composition Among Three Urban Habitats: a Case Study in Nanchong, Sichuan
Author of the article:LUO Xinyu, ZHOU Zhaomin*
Author's Workplace:Key Laboratory of Environmental Science and Biodiversity Conservation(Sichuan Province), China West Normal University, Nanchong, Sichuan Province 637009, China
Key Words:community ecology; biodiversity; urbanization; garden and greenland; woodland; dry farm
Abstract:As an important human-caused disturbance factor, urbanization has significantly changed the structure of natural habitats and influenced the composition of animal communities. The characterisitions of abundant population amount, high spcies diversity, and easy to be collected of ants make these species become excellent models for studying the effects of land-use types on the composition of animal communities in urban areas. In May 2018, ants were sampled from 3 land-use types (‘garden and greenland’, ‘dry farm’ and ‘woodland’) using pitfall traps in an urban area of Nanchong city, Sichuan province. A total of 1 847 ant individuals were collected. The proportion of Tetramorium tsushimae was the highest in ‘garden and greenland’(73.80%), and significantly higher than that of Monomorium chinense in ‘dry farm’(25.48%) and Pheidole nodus in ‘woodland’(28.79%). There was no significant difference in the number of indiviuduals and species richness among the 3 habitats, but the Simpson diversity index and Pielou evenness index of ant community in the habitat of ‘garden and greenland’ were significantly lower than those in the habitats of ‘dry farm’ and ‘woodland’; the composition of ant community in ‘woodland’ was moderately different from that in ‘garden and greenland’ (q=0.444) and ‘dry farm’ (q=0.500), and the community composition in ‘garden and greenland’ and ‘dry farm’ (q=0.647) was moderately similar. Therefore, the compositions of ant communities are varied in different land-use types in urban areas, and the habitat of ‘garden and greenland’ is more likely to facilitate the formation of dominant species than ‘dry farm’ and ‘woodland’.
2020,39(2): 148-155 收稿日期:2019-02-24
分类号:Q969.554.2;Q958.1
基金项目:西华师范大学英才科研基金项目(17YC365); 2018年国家级大学生创新创业训练计划项目(201810638010)
作者简介:罗昕裕(1998-),女,本科生,研究方向:群落生态学,E-mail:luo_xinyua@163.com
*通信作者:周昭敏,E-mail:zhouzm81@gmail.com
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