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Issue:ISSN 1000-7083
          CN 51-1193/Q
Director:Sichuan Association for Science and Technology
Sponsored by:Sichuan Society of Zoologists; Chengdu Giant Panda Breeding Research Foundation; Sichuan Association of Wildlife Conservation; Sichuan University
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Your Position :Home->Past Journals Catalog->2020 Vol.39 No.2

Effects of Polystyrene Microplastics Exposure on the Growth of Gobiocypris rarus Larvae
Author of the article:HOU Miaomiao1,2,3, WANG Chunling2, XU Chunsen2,3, QIU Ning2,3, XIA Zhijun2,3, SU Liangxia2,3, WANG Jianwei2*
Author's Workplace:1. Dalian Ocean University, Dalian, Liaoning Province 116023, China;
2. Institute of Hydrobiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan 430072, China;
3. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
Key Words:microplastics; polystyrene; Gobiocypris rarus; larvae; subchronic toxic test
Abstract:In recent years, the worldwide presence of microplastics has become a new type of contaminant. However, the direct biological toxicity of microplastics still remains unclear. In this study, the effects of 3 sizes (0.1 μm, 1 μm, and 10 μm) of polystyrene (PS) microplastics at different concentrations (0.055 μg·L-1, 0.55 μg·L-1, 5.5 μg·L-1, 55 μg·L-1, and 550 μg·L-1) on the survival and growth of rare minnow (Gobiocypris rarus) larvae were studied. Accumulation and removal of PS microplastics in the body were also detected. After exposing the larvae to PS microplastics for 7 days, no significant differences on the survival and total length of G. rarus were found between the treatment and control groups (P>0.05). Fluorescent plastic particles were observed in gill and digestive tract in the exposed larvae. The fluorescence intensity enhanced in the exposed larvae with the increase of PS microplastics concentration. Plastic particles were significantly reduced from exposed larvae after they were reared in the water with no microplastics (P<0.05). It is suggested that although PS microplastics can be accumulated in the body, the removal rate was fast, and the environment-relevant concentrations of PS microplastics have no observed toxic effect on G. rarus larvae.
2020,39(2): 140-147 收稿日期:2019-11-15
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