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Issue:ISSN 1000-7083
          CN 51-1193/Q
Director:Sichuan Association for Science and Technology
Sponsored by:Sichuan Society of Zoologists; Chengdu Giant Panda Breeding Research Foundation; Sichuan Association of Wildlife Conservation; Sichuan University
Address:College of Life Sciences, Sichuan University, No.29, Wangjiang Road, Chengdu, Sichuan Province, 610064, China
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Your Position :Home->Past Journals Catalog->2020 Vol.39 No.2

Daily Activity Rhythm of lthaginis cruentus in the Wanglang National Nature Reserve, Sichuan
Author of the article:ZHAO Lianjun1#, LIU Mingzhang2#, LUO Chunping1, BU Hongliang2, MA Dongyuan3, SHANG Xiaotong4, LI Sheng2*
Author's Workplace:1. Wanglang National Nature Reserve Administration Bureau, Pingwu, Sichuan Province 622550, China;
2. School of Life Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China;
3. College of Life Sciences, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610065, China;
4. College of Life Sciences, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
Key Words:camera-trapping; forest pheasant; Ithaginis cruentus; activity pattern; Wanglang National Nature Reserve
Abstract:Blood pheasant (Ithaginis cruentus) is a rare and threatened pheasant species distributed from the east edge of Qinghai-Tibet Plateau to Himalayas. In this study, a camera-trapping survey was conducted in the Wanglang National Nature Reserve, Sichuan, from 2014 to 2018. With an extensive survey effort of 26 123 camera-days at 249 valid camera stations covering 168 (1 km×1 km) grid cells, 8 907 images from 922 independent detections of I. cruentus were obtained, accounting for 71.46% and 70.11% of the Galliformes records, respectively. Its relative abundance index was 35.29. We illustrated the daily activity pattern of I. cruentus using kernel density estimates, and the results showed that I. cruentus is a strict diurnal species with all activity occurring from 05:50 to 19:50. The daily activity rhythm showed a unimodal pattern with a single peak at 09:00-11:00. The patterns varied across the 4 seasons in a year, and there was a distinct difference between the breeding and non-breeding seasons. With reliable techniques and sufficient data size, we demonstrated that camera-trapping may serve as a powerful tool in the behavior research of elusive wildlife and provide basic information to support and guide future studies on the behavioral ecology of I. cruentus and other forest pheasant species.
2020,39(2): 121-128 收稿日期:2019-05-22
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