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Issue:ISSN 1000-7083
          CN 51-1193/Q
Director:Sichuan Association for Science and Technology
Sponsored by:Sichuan Society of Zoologists; Chengdu Giant Panda Breeding Research Foundation; Sichuan Association of Wildlife Conservation; Sichuan University
Address:College of Life Sciences, Sichuan University, No.29, Wangjiang Road, Chengdu, Sichuan Province, 610064, China
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Your Position :Home->Past Journals Catalog->2019 Vol.38 No.1

Growth and Development Differences of Panda Cubs Raised by Different Methods in Shanghai and Ya'an
Author of the article:CHU Qingpo1, YU Jinhua1, SUN Qiang1, XU Chunzhong1, XIE Chunyu1, MIN Yingguo1, JIN Xiaojun1, ZENG Wen2, LI Dehong2, WU Feng1*
Author's Workplace:1. Shanghai Wild Animal Park, Shanghai 201399, China;
2. China Conservation and Research Center for the Giant Panda, Ya'an, Sichuan Province 625007, China
Key Words:Ailuropoda melanoleuca; cubs; cub-rearing way; altitude; growth and development
Abstract:As a typical low-altitude area, the climate and environment conditions of Shanghai are significantly different from the habitats of giant pandas (Ailuropoda melanoleuca). In order to investigate the difference on growth and development between the panda cubs born and living in Shanghai, and the panda cubs in Ya'an, Sichuan province, the current study analyzed the difference of pandas' body mass, body size, and organ development by maternal rearing and artificial rearing in Shanghai and Ya'an. The growth curves of pandas in the 2 regions were simulated by using Chapman growth model. The results showed that the body mass of panda cubs in low altitude area were significantly higher than those in high altitude area at 40 d, 60 d and 70 d (P<0.05); The body mass of panda cubs by maternal rearing were significantly higher than the artificial rearing (P<0.05); The body mass of male panda cubs were significantly higher than the females at 40 d, 60 d, 70 d and 100 d (P<0.05). Generally, these results indicated that the panda cubs had the fastest growth in body length, followed by abdominal circumference, and the tail growth was the slowest. Either in high-altitude area or in low-altitude area, the body measurement of panda cubs by the way of maternal rearing were slightly higher than those in the artificial rearing group; there was no significant difference on the body size of panda cubs between the high and low altitude groups by the same rearing mode. The Chapman growth model well simulated the growth curve of giant panda cubs in Shanghai and Ya'an from 0 d to 120 d, but there were some differences in inflection point age, inflection point mass and maximum growth rate. Therefore, our study provides a scientific basis for the breeding of giant pandas in Shanghai.
2019,38(1): 77-86 收稿日期:2018-07-04
分类号:Q959.8;S815.6
基金项目:上海市科学技术委员会资助项目(16dz1205900)
作者简介:褚青坡(1990—),男,助理工程师,主要从事大熊猫的饲养和管理,E-mail:1315303704@qq.com
*通信作者:吴锋,E-mail:wufengssww@qq.com
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