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Issue:ISSN 1000-7083
          CN 51-1193/Q
Director:Sichuan Association for Science and Technology
Sponsored by:Sichuan Society of Zoologists; Chengdu Giant Panda Breeding Research Foundation; Sichuan Association of Wildlife Conservation; Sichuan University
Address:College of Life Sciences, Sichuan University, No.29, Wangjiang Road, Chengdu, Sichuan Province, 610064, China
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Your Position :Home->Past Journals Catalog->1987 Vol.6 No.1

Description of A New Species, Romanomermis Yunanensis sp. nov
Author of the article:SONG Jinzhang1, PENG Yufang2
Author's Workplace:(1.Institute of Military Medical Science, Chengdu Military District, Chengdu 610016; 2.Department of Parasitology, West China University of Medical Sciences, Chengdu 610041)
Key Words:Romanomermis Yunanensis sp. nov; new species; description
Abstract: 

A species of mermithid mematode was found parasitizing the larvae of Culex fatigans in the region of Xinyang County, Henan Province in 1984. It was indentified as a new species of the genus Romanomermis (Nematoda : Mermithidae), named Romanomermis yunanensis.

Besides the diagnostic feature of the genus, the main characters of this new species are:

Female: Body length 21.1 mm(n=36, r=14.6-28.6, SE=0.49). Width at the vagina 164 (n=33, r=118 212, SE=4.05). Vagina pear shaped, the midway of the posterior one. V=35.94845.9 (n=36, r=43 55, SE=0.50). Cuticle thicker, the cuticle thickness at the vagina 11.9, at the posterior end 22.6 (n=34, r=13.1 41.8, SE=1.36).

Male: Body length14.1 mm(n=32, r=7.8 17.6, SE=0.37). Width at the midbody 120 (n=32, r=89-144, SE=2.42). Two separate curved spicules are not uniform in length, the longer spicule length 339 (n=32, r=280 410, SE=5.6), ratio of body length to spicule length is 41.7 (n=32, r=27.6 51.5, SE=0.95), the shorter spicule length 327 (n=32, r=251 400, SE=6.9). Caudal papillae in three rows, the middle row with 34, lateral rows 22.

Diagnosis: (1) R. yunanensis is separated from the other species of the genus with the exception of R. jingdeensis, R. wuchangensis, R. culicivorax and R. iyengari by the distinct flexure of its vagina. (2) It differs from R. culicivorax (25.2) and R. iyengari (26.2) and R. siehuanensis (22.7) in its larger ratio of body length to spicule length (41.7). (3) The position of the vulva is more anterior in R. yunanensis than in R. jingdeensis (P<0.01). Besides that, the length of two ovaries are not uniform in R. yunanensis (V=35.94845.9), but almost uniform in R. jingdeensis (V=4051.841) and the ratio of body length to spicule length in R. yunanensis is also larger than in R. jingdeensis (37.8). (4) The ratio of its body length to spicule length differs from that of R. wuchangensis (35.7) and the position of vulva is more anterior than that of R. wuchangensis (>50%), the two ovaries and two spicules are not uniform in length. They also differ from those of R. wuchangensis.

Type Host and Locality: Culex fatigans larvae are collected from the region of Xinyang.

(Measurements are in micrometers unless otherwise noted. N=number of specimens, r=range, SE= Standard error.)
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