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Issue:ISSN 1000-7083
          CN 51-1193/Q
Director:Sichuan Association for Science and Technology
Sponsored by:Sichuan Society of Zoologists; Chengdu Giant Panda Breeding Research Foundation; Sichuan Association of Wildlife Conservation; Sichuan University
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Your Position :Home->Past Journals Catalog->2015 Vol.34 No.1

Analysis of Dominant Factors Affecting Resting Sites Use of Lepus oiostolus in Summer
Author of the article:WANG Zhenyu1, LI Ye1,2, ZHANG Xiang3, SHI Lei1*
Author's Workplace:1. College of Animal Science, Xinjiang Agricultural University, Urumqi 830052, China;
2. Key Lab of Zoological Systematics and Evolution, Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China;
3. Administrative
Bureau of the Altun Mountain National Nature Reserve, Korla, Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region 841000, China
Key Words:Lepus oiostolus; microhabitat use; habitat preference; principal component analysis
Abstract:To determine the key factors affecting resting sites use of the woolly hare Lepus oiostolus on alpine meadow and alpine desert in Altun Mountain National Nature Reserve in Ruoqiang County, a total of 32 samples in resting sites and 33 control samples in nearby similar habitat of woolly hare were set in 5 m×5 m during the summer from 2011 to 2013. Environment factors including numbers of the plant species, vegetation cover, vegetation height, vegetation density, soil hardness, canopy cover and distance to road were recorded. The results showed that there were extremely significant difference on canopy cover, vegetation height and vegetation density (P<0.01) and significant difference on numbers of the plant species and soil hardness (P<0.05). Vanderloeg and Scavia's index Ei and selectivity coefficient Wi indicated that the woolly hare preferred to rest in the microhabitat of vegetation higher than 30 cm, vegetation cover more than 30% and density less than 80 individuals/m2, canopy cover more than 10 cm and softer soil (6~9 kg/cm2). According to the factor loading of principal component analysis (PCA), the main factors affected the resting sites use of the woolly hare were vegetation density (-0.898), vegetation cover (-0.812), and canopy cover (0.764), respectively. The woolly hare preferred the habitat with higher vegetation and canopy cover, lower vegetation density and softer soil on alpine meadow and alpine desert. Our results provided an important basis for management of the woolly hare.
2015,34(1): 47-52 收稿日期:2014-5-23
DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1000-7083.2015.01.007
分类号:Q959.9;Q958.1
基金项目:公益性行业(农业)科研专项(201203041);阿尔金山国家级自然保护区综合科考项目
作者简介:王振宇(1990-),男,硕士研究生,研究方向:动物生态学,E-mail:545306621@qq.com
*通讯作者:时磊,博士,教授,E-mail:shileixj@126.com
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