Latest Cover

Online Office

Contact Us

Issue:ISSN 1000-7083
          CN 51-1193/Q
Director:Sichuan Association for Science and Technology
Sponsored by:Sichuan Society of Zoologists; Chengdu Giant Panda Breeding Research Foundation; Sichuan Association of Wildlife Conservation; Sichuan University
Address:College of Life Sciences, Sichuan University, No.29, Wangjiang Road, Chengdu, Sichuan Province, 610064, China
Tel:+86-28-85410485
Fax:+86-28-85410485
Email:scdwzz@vip.163.com & scdwzz001@163.com
Your Position :Home->Past Journals Catalog->2015 Vol.34 No.1

Selection and Comparison of Structure of Microhabitat by Giant Pandas in Regenerative and Remnant Bamboo Forests of Arrow Bamboo
Author of the article:ZHOU Shiqiang*, LI Rengui, YAN Xiao, HUANG Jinyan, LIU Dian, HUANG Yan, LI Desheng, ZHANG
Author's Workplace:China Conservation and Research Center for the Giant Panda, Wolong, Sichuan Province 623006, China
Key Words:Ailuropoda melanoleuca; Bashania faberi; regenerative bamboo forest; remnant bamboo forest; spatial distribution; selection; microhabitat; structure
Abstract:From July 2012 to December 2013, fixed monitoring transect lines were set in Wuyipeng, Wolong National Nature Reserve. Giant panda activity traces and habitat data were regularly collected in regenerative and remnant arrow bamboo (Bashania faberi) forests. According to the transect monitors and plot investigations, the distribution changes of Fargesia robusta and Bashania faberi forests were altitudinal gradient. Fargesia robusta growed well below 2700 m, while B. faberi was the dominant bamboo between 2300 m and 3600 m in Wuyipeng. The pattern of the regenerative and remnant bamboo forests of B. faberi was mosaic and coupling distribution, therefore, it was beneficial for the giant pandas against seasonal migration, food transform and responding to flowered and died of bamboo species. By analyzing the monitor data of wild pandas' traces from September 2012 to November 2013 in Wuyipeng, we found that giant pandas lived mainly in the regenerative bamboo forest, and the average using ratio was 91.94%, although there was fluctuation in different months (P<0.05). Comparing microhabitat structure between regenerative and remnant arrow bamboo forest, there were no significant differences (P>0.05) in all the variables except slope, shrub cover, herb cover, shoot density, mature bamboo density, population density and density of dead bamboo. Bamboo quality (stem diameter, stem length and biomass) was enough for the giant pandas' using standards.
2015,34(1): 1-7 收稿日期:2014-6-30
DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1000-7083.2015.01.001
分类号:Q959.8;Q958.1
基金项目:香港海洋公园保育基金项目(GP09_1213);国家林业局大熊猫国际合作基金项目(SD0631)
*通讯作者:周世强,E-mail:shiqiangzhou@sina.com
参考文献:
国家林业局. 2006. 全国大熊猫第三次调查报告[M]. 北京: 科学出版社.
洪楠, 林爱华, 李志辉, 等. 2000. SPSS for Windows统计分析教程[M]. 北京: 电子工业出版社.
胡锦矗, 乔治·夏勒, 潘文石, 等. 1985. 卧龙的大熊猫[M]. 成都: 四川科学技术出版社.
胡锦矗. 2001. 大熊猫研究[M]. 上海: 上海科技教育出版社.
秦自生, 艾伦·泰勒, 蔡绪慎. 1993. 卧龙大熊猫生态环境的竹子与森林动态演替[M]. 北京: 中国林业出版社: 1-432.
秦自生, 蔡绪慎, 黄金燕. 1989. 冷箭竹种子特性及自然更新[J]. 竹子研究汇刊, 8(1): 1-12.
卧龙自然保护区管理局, 南充师范学院生物系, 四川省林业厅保护处. 1987. 卧龙植被及资源植物[M]. 成都: 四川科学技术出版社: 11-194.
杨建, 张和民, 谭迎春, 等. 1997. 卧龙"五一棚"野生大熊猫及伴生动物监测[C]// 中国林业部中国保护大熊猫及其栖息地工程办公室,世界自然基金会中国项目办公室. 大熊猫放归野外可行性国际研讨会会议报告. 北京: 中国林业出版社: 53-56.
易同培. 1997. 四川竹类植物志[M]. 北京: 中国林业出版社: 85-87.
张万儒. 1983. 卧龙自然保护区的森林土壤及其垂直分布规律[J]. 林业科学, 19(3): 254-268.
周世强, 黄金燕. 1996. 冷箭竹更新幼龄种群密度的研究[J]. 竹子研究汇刊, 15(4): 1-7.
周世强, 黄金燕. 1997. 冷箭竹更新幼龄无性系种群生物量的研究[J]. 竹子研究汇刊, 16(2): 34-39.
周世强, 黄金燕. 1998. 冷箭竹更新幼龄无性系种群结构的研究[J]. 竹子研究汇刊, 17(1): 31-36.
周世强, 张和民, 李德生. 2010. 大熊猫觅食行为的栖息地管理策略[J]. 四川动物, 29(3): 340-345.
周世强, 张和民, 杨建, 等. 2000. 卧龙野生大熊猫监测期间的生境动态分析[J]. 云南环境科学, 19(增刊): 43-45.
ESRI. 2006. ArcMap Version 9.2[CP]. Environmental Systems Research Institute (ESRI), Redlands CA.
Janzen DH. 1976. Why bamboos wait so long to flower[J]. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics, 7: 347-391.
Johnson KG, Schaller GB, Hu JC. 1988. Response of giant pandas to a bamboo die-off[J]. Natural Geographic Research, 4: 855-868.
Mainka SA, Yang J, Zhang GQ, et al. 1994. "五一棚"野生大熊猫和其它动物的观察[C]// 成都大熊猫繁育基地编.成都国际大熊猫保护学术研讨会论文集. 成都: 四川科技出版社: 139-143.
Reid DG, Hu JC, Dong S. 1989. Giant panda behavior and carrying capacity following a bamboo die-off[J]. Biological Conservation, 49: 149-154.
Schaller GB, Hu JC, Pan WS, et al. 1985. The giant pandas of Wolong[M]. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.
Taylor AH, Huang JY, Zhou SQ. 2004. Canopy tree development and undergrowth bamboo dynamics in old-growth Abies-Betula forests in southwestern China: a 12-year study[J]. Forest Ecology and Management, 200(3): 347-360.
Taylor AH, Qin ZS. 1987. Culm dynamics and dry matter production of bamboos in the Wolong and Tangjiahe Giant Panda Reserve, Sichuan, China[J]. Journal of Applied Ecology, 24: 419-433.
Taylor AH, Qin ZS. 1988a. Regeneration patterns in old-growth Abies-Betula forests in the Wolong Natural Reserve, Sichuan, China[J]. Journal of Ecology, 76(4): 1204-1218.
Taylor AH, Qin ZS. 1988b. Tree replacement patterns in subalpine Abies-Betula forests in the Wolong Natural Reserve, Sichuan, China[J]. Vegetatio, 78(3): 141-149.
Taylor AH, Qin ZS. 1988c. Regeneration from seed of Sinarundinana fangiana, a bamboo, in the Wolong Nature Reserve, Sichuan, China[J]. American Journal of Botany, 75: 1065-1073.
Taylor AH, Qin ZS. 1993. Ageing bamboo culms to assess bamboo population dynamics in panda habitat[J]. Environment Conservation, 19: 76-93.
Taylor AH, Reid DG, Qin ZS, et al. 1991a. Bamboo dieback: An opportunity to restore panda habitat[J]. Environment Conservation, 17: 166-168.
Taylor AH, Reid DG, Qin ZS, et al. 1991b. Spatial patterns and environmental associates of bamboo (Bashania fangiana Yi) after mass-flowering in southwestern China[J]. Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club, 118(3): 247-254.
CopyRight©2022 Editorial Office of Sichuan Journal of Zoology 蜀ICP备08107403号-3