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Issue:ISSN 1000-7083
          CN 51-1193/Q
Director:Sichuan Association for Science and Technology
Sponsored by:Sichuan Society of Zoologists; Chengdu Giant Panda Breeding Research Foundation; Sichuan Association of Wildlife Conservation; Sichuan University
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Differences in Growth and Development of Panda Cubs in Different Raising Methods in Different Altitude Areas
Author of the article:CHU Qingpo,YU Jinhua,SUN Qiang,XU Chunzhong
Author's Workplace:1. Shanghai Wild Animal Park, Shanghai, 201399, China; 2. China Conservation and Research Center for the Giant Panda, Ya'an, 625007, China
Key Words:giant panda; cubs; cub-rearing way; altitude; growth and development
Abstract:As a typical low-altitude area in Shanghai, the climate and environment conditions are very different from those of the panda habitats. In order to investigate the growth and development of panda cubs born and living in Shanghai, and whether there are differences in the growth and development of panda puppies living in Ya'an, Sichuan, this paper compares and analyzes the growth and development of body weight, body size, and other organs under the maternal rearing and artificial rearing between the two province. The growth curves of pandas in both regions were simulated using the Chapman growth model. RESULTS: Body weight of panda pups at low altitude were significantly greater than those at high altitude at 40 d, 60 d and 70 d (P<0.05); the Body weight of panda pups from maternal breeding was significantly greater than that of artificially assisted pandas (P<0.05); Body weight of male panda puppies at 40 d, 60 d, 70 d, and 100 d were significantly greater than those of female panda puppies (P<0.05). Panda cubs have the fastest growth in body length, followed by the abdominal circumference, and the tail growth is the slowest. Overall, both the high-altitude area and the low-altitude area, the body measurements of female panda cubs in the maternal rearing pups group were slightly higher than those in the artificial rearing group; while there is no obvious rule in the difference between body sizes of young pups in the same mode of rearing for the high and low elevation groups. The Chapman growth model well simulated the growth curves of panda pups from 0 d to 120 d in both regions, and similar to the growth and development of pandas in habitats. It shows that the panda cubs born and living in Shanghai are well adapted to the local environment.
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