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西安市秦岭山地村民对野猪容忍性的研究
Research on the Villagers' Tolerance to Wild Boars in the Qinling Mountainous Region of Xi'an, Shaanxi
王莉1, 卜书海2, 宋华东2, 李国春3, 郑雪莉1*
点击:106次 下载:34次
DOI:10.11984/j.issn.1000-7083.20190396
作者单位:1. 西北农林科技大学林学院, 陕西杨凌 712100;
2. 西北农林科技大学生命科学学院, 陕西杨凌 712100;
3. 中国科学院水利部水土保持研究所, 陕西杨凌 712100
中文关键字:野猪;容忍性;态度;措施
英文关键字:Sus scrofa; tolerance; attitude; measures
中文摘要:2016年11月—2017年11月,通过问卷调查的方式研究了陕西省西安市秦岭山地(深山区和浅山区)村民对野猪Sus scrofa的认知度和容忍性,并分析影响村民容忍性的主要因素,以期为缓解村民与野猪的矛盾提供科学依据,并为物种管理提供参考资料。结果表明:84.61%的被调查者期望野猪种群下降或消灭;53.85%完全不赞同或不赞同保护措施;野猪毁坏农田后,83.08%完全赞同或赞同捕杀野猪;在村外遇见野猪时,47.69%完全赞同或赞同捕杀野猪。农田收入比例、野猪毁田面积、家庭年收入及毁田面积占比是影响村民对野猪容忍性的主要因素。与浅山区相比,深山区村民对野猪的容忍性更低。因此,建议在深山区施行缓解人猪冲突的相应措施,即完善和落实相关的野生动物致害补偿条例,合理开展狩猎活动以及开发利用野猪资源,加大村民就业技能培训和收入转型,调整作物结构。
英文摘要:In order to provide scientific basis for alleviating the contradiction between villagers and wild boars, and to provide reference materials for species management, from November 2016 to November 2017, a questionnaire survey was conducted to study in Qinling (the remote and suburban mountainous areas) of Xi'an, Shaanxi Province. The recognition and tolerance of the villagers to wild boars (Sus scrofa), and the main factors that influence local villagers' attitudes toward wild boars were analyzed. The results showed that 84.61% of the interviewees had the wishes to decrease or eliminate the local population of wild boars, and 53.85% disagreed or completely disagreed with the current protection measures. After the farmland was destroyed by wild boars, 83.08% of the interviewees completely agreed or agreed to hunt wild boars, and 47.69% completely agreed or agreed with the practice of hunting wild boars when they met wild boars in the mountains. The main factors affecting villagers' tolerance to wild boars were the ratio of farmland income, the destroyed farmland area, the annual household income and the ratio of destroyed farmland area. Compared with the suburban mountainous areas, villagers in the remote mountainous areas had worse tolerance for wild boars. Therefore, it is suggested to implement corresponding measures to alleviate the human-wild boar conflict in the remote mountainous areas. For instance, the measure of improving and implementing the relevant regulations on compensation for damages caused by wildlife, reasonably carrying out hunting activities and developing and utilizing wild boar resources, increasing the villagers' employment skills training and income model transformation, and adjusting the crop structure can be adopted.
2020,39(5): 563-571 收稿日期:2019-11-21
分类号:Q959.842;S442
基金项目:西安市第一次野生动物资源调查项目(XCZX2015-0297-3)
作者简介:王莉(1993-),硕士研究生,研究方向:野生动物保护与管理,E-mail:1097235630@qq.com
*通信作者:郑雪莉,E-mail:zhengxueli@nwsuaf.edu.cn
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