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三峡水库蓄水期长江万州段干支流浮游动物群落特征研究
Research on Zooplankton Community in the Mainstream of Yangtze River and Its Tributaries of Wanzhou Section During Impounding
兰波1, 朱迟2*, 黄玉静3, 梁丽娇1, 胡艳茹1
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DOI:10.11984/j.issn.1000-7083.20200086
作者单位:1. 重庆三峡学院, 三峡库区水环境演变与污染防治重庆高校市级重点实验室, 重庆 404020;
2. 江苏省环境科学研究院, 江苏省环境工程重点实验室, 南京 210036;
3. 重庆三峡医药高等专科学校, 中医学院, 重庆 404120
中文关键字:三峡水库;万州;浮游动物;典范对应分析;群落演替
英文关键字:Three Gorges Reservoir; Wanzhou; zooplankton; canonical correspondence analysis; community succession
中文摘要:为探明三峡水库蓄水后浮游动物的群落结构变化,于2017年11月调查了三峡库区长江万州段干、支流的水质情况以及浮游动物种类和组成变化,分析了浮游动物和水体环境因子之间的关系以及长江干流浮游动物的演替情况。结果表明:流经万州城区的长江干、支流水质都已达到富营养化状态,且支流的污染程度比干流更严重。浮游动物共检出28属39种,以原生动物和轮虫为主。长江干流的浮游动物优势种类有5种,支流有9种。典范对应分析发现,硝态氮和总悬浮物是影响冬季浮游动物种群变化最重要的环境因子。分析三峡库区万州及其周边地区长江干流浮游动物的长期演替发现,随着水环境的稳定,水体中原生动物的种类逐渐从喜流水型向喜静水型转变。与2012年同期相比,本次调查中原生动物和轮虫的相对丰度增加,浮游动物生物多样性减少,这可能和水位波动的长期影响和城市水体污染有关。
英文摘要:In order to provide an insight of the zooplankton community during the impoundment period of the Three Gorges Reservoir, we investigated the water quality and the species composition of zooplankton in November 2017, and further analyzed the relationship between zooplankton species and water quality, and zooplankton succession in the mainstream of the Yangtze River in Wanzhou, Chongqing. The results revealed that the water quality of the Yangtze River was much better than its tributaries. The identified zooplankton could be categorized into 28 genera and 39 species, and protozoa and rotifers were the dominating species. There were 5 dominant species in the mainstream of Yangtze River and 9 in its tributaries. The result of canonical correspondence analysis showed that nitrate and total suspended solid were the main environmental factors which controlled the variation of zooplankton community in winter. For the long-term succession of zooplankton community in the study area and its adjacent areas, it was suggested that the species of protozoa gradually shifted from the mobile-preference type to the stationary-preference type according to the stability of water environment. Comparing to the same period in 2012, the relative abundance of protozoa and rotifers in the current study were higher, while the zooplankton diversity was lower, and these might be associated with the long-term impacts of water level fluctuation and urban water pollution.
2020,39(5): 517-530 收稿日期:2020-02-26
分类号:Q959.1;X524
基金项目:国家青年科学基金项目(41902024;31300462);重庆市科委面上项目(cstc2019jcyj-msxmX0656);重庆市教委青年项目(KJQN20181221);江苏省博士后科研资助项目(1302003C);重庆三峡学院校人才引进项目(17RC08);大学生创新创业训练项目(201810643028)
作者简介:兰波(1984-),男,博士研究生,研究方向为水生态学,E-mail:boblan2004@163.com
*通信作者:朱迟,副研究员,E-mail:zhuchi126@126.com
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