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四川宝兴圈养绿尾虹雉的人工孵化技术研究
Studies on Artificial Incubation of Lophophorus lhuysii in Captivity in Baoxing, Sichuan
张敬1#, 马红2#, 安俊辉3, 李非平3, 李淑红1, 邓江宇2, 张成林1, 侯蓉3, John Corder4
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DOI:10.11984/j.issn.1000-7083.20200021
作者单位:1. 北京动物园圈养野生动物技术北京市重点实验室, 北京 100044;
2. 四川宝兴蜂桶寨国家级自然保护区管理局, 四川宝兴 625700;
3. 成都大熊猫繁育研究基地, 成都 610081;
4. 世界雉类协会, 英国诺森伯兰郡NE47 8DL
中文关键字:绿尾虹雉;卵;人工孵化;孵化率
英文关键字:Lophophorus lhuysii; egg; artificial incubation; hatchability
中文摘要:在四川宝兴蜂桶寨绿尾虹雉研究中心开展绿尾虹雉Lophophorus lhuysii卵人工孵化研究,用不同湿度孵化2组卵:梯度湿度组使用3种湿度,使卵失重率趋于15%;均衡湿度组始终使用50%~55%的湿度。观察记录卵质量、胚胎发育情况。结果显示:成功孵化雏鸟12只,孵化率70.6%,雏鸟3个月成活率100%;卵孵化期28.1~30.2 d,平均(29.5±0.6)d,卵失重率10.7%~17.6%,平均(14.0±2.0)%,啄壳时间26.1~28.3 d,平均(27.4±0.6)d,出壳持续时间36.5~58.5 h,平均(48.7±6.8)h;卵的日平均质量与孵化天数极显著负相关;梯度湿度组和均衡湿度组在卵的失重率和初始雏重上的差异有统计学意义,而啄壳时间和卵孵化期的差异无统计学意义;卵失重率越小,初始雏重越大;与家鸡Gallus gallus domesticus卵胚胎的发育特征相似。保持卵失重率10%~15%可做为绿尾虹雉卵孵化湿度设置的参考。
英文摘要:Experimental research on artificial incubation of the Chinese monal (Lophophorus lhuysii) was carried out at the Research Center of Fengtongzhai National Nature Reserve (Sichuan Province) in 2018 and 2019. Eggs were incubated under different humidity. The eggs of the gradient humidity group were incubated under 3 different humidity, controlling the mass loss of the eggs around 15%; while the eggs of equilibrium humidity group were incubated under the relative humidity of 50%-55%. Eggs were weighed every day, and embryo development was observed by candling the eggs, all the data were recorded. The results showed that 12 chicks hatched with a hatching success of 70.6%. The survival rate of chicks is 100% during 3 months after hatched; the incubation period varied between 28.1 d and 30.2 d, with an average of (29.5±0.6) d; eggs mass loss was between 10.7% and 17.6%, with an average of (14.0±2.0)%. The time of pipping varied between 26.1 d and 28.3 d, with an average of (27.4±0.6) d; the time of hatching was between 36.5 h and 58.5 h, with an average of (48.7±6.8) h. The daily average egg mass was negatively correlated with the incubation days; there was a significant difference on the mass loss rate of eggs and the initial mass of chicks between the gradient humidity group and equilibrium humidity group, but there was no significant difference on piping time and incubation time. The lower the mass loss rate of the eggs, the greater was the initial mass of the hatching; embryonic development characteristics was the same as that of Gallus gallus domesticus. Keeping egg mass loss between 10% and 15% during the incubation process can be used as a reference of humidity setting for L. lhuysii.
2020,39(4): 431-436 收稿日期:2020-01-13
分类号:Q959.7+25;Q132.4+3
基金项目:四川蜂桶寨国家级自然保护区管理局与北京动物园合作开放课题;与世界雉类协会、成都大熊猫繁育研究基地技术合作项目
作者简介:张敬(1970-),女,高级畜牧师,主要从事圈养鸟类繁育工作,E-mail:zhangjing0468@126.com;马红(1983-),男,饲养员,E-mail:1109402509@qq.com
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