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云南省5个地区大绒鼠形态学的Bergmann定律检验
Application of Bergmann's Rule in the Morphological Traits of Eothenomys miletus from Five Areas of Yunnan Province
任月1, 贾婷2, 章迪2, 张浩1, 王政昆1, 朱万龙1*
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DOI:10.11984/j.issn.1000-7083.20190384
作者单位:1. 云南省高校西南山地生态系统动植物生态适应进化及保护重点实验室, 云南师范大学生命科学学院, 生物能源持续开发利用教育部工程研究中心, 云南省生物质能与环境生物技术重点实验室, 昆明 650500;
2. 云南经济管理学院, 昆明 650106
中文关键字:Bergmann定律;横断山;大绒鼠;颅全长;体长
英文关键字:Bergmann's rule; Hengduan Mountains; Eothenomys miletus; cranial length; body length
中文摘要:为探究云南省5个地区(德钦、香格里拉、丽江、剑川和哀牢山)大绒鼠Eothenomys miletus形态学指标是否符合Bergmann定律,采集53只非繁殖期的雄性大绒鼠,采用双变量相关、线性回归和多元线性回归分析大绒鼠形态学指标与纬度、海拔和年平均温度的关系。结果表明:研究区域大绒鼠的体质量、体长、颅全长、颅基长、尾长、耳长、耳宽、前肢长和后肢长均与纬度、海拔和年平均温度有显著相关关系,其中,与纬度和海拔呈负相关,与年平均温度呈正相关。结果表明,大绒鼠体型和头骨性状变异不符合Bergmann定律,但其突出部位的变异符合Allen定律。
英文摘要:To investigate whether the morphological traits of Eothenomys miletus were accordant with the Bergmann's rule of different geographical environments in Yunnan Province, E. miletus were collected from Deqin, Xianggelila, Lijiang, Jianchuan and Ailaoshan, respectively. Bivariate correlation, linear regression and multiple linear regression analysis were used to analyze the correlation among body length, tail length, and other morphological indices and latitude, altitude and annual average temperature. The results showed that body mass, body length, cranial length, cranial base length, tail length, ear length, ear width, fore limb length and hind limb length of E. miletus in different areas from Yunnan Province were all significantly correlated with latitude, altitude and annual average temperature. Specifically, these traits were negatively correlated with latitude and altitude, but positively correlated with annual average temperature. This study suggests that the morphological traits like body size and skull of E. miletus dose not obey the Bergmann's rule, but the projection of the body are accordant with the Allen's rule.
2020,39(4): 385-393 收稿日期:2019-11-12
分类号:Q958.12;Q959.8
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(31760118);云南省中青年学术和技术带头人后备人才项目(2019HB013)
作者简介:任月(1993-),女,博士研究生,研究方向:动物生理生态,E-mail:2780034784@qq.com
*通信作者:朱万龙,教授,博士生导师,研究方向:生态学,E-mail:zwl_8307@sina.com
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