刊期:双月刊
主管单位:四川省科学技术协会
主办单位:四川省动物学会/成都大熊猫繁育研究基金会/四川省野生动植物保护协会/四川大学
地址:四川省成都市武侯区望江路29号四川大学生命科学学院内
邮编:610065
电话:028-85410485; 15881112385
传真:028-85410485
E-Mail:scdwzz@vip.163.com & scdwzz001@163.com
刊号:ISSN 1000-7083
        CN 51-1193/Q
国内发行代号:
国际发行代号:
发行范围:国内外公开发布
定价:50元/册
定价:300元/年

您所在位置:首页->过刊浏览->2020年第39卷第1期

日本梅花鹿与大丰麋鹿发情期反刍行为的差异
Rumination Behavior Difference During Rutting Season Between Cervus nippon nippon in Japan and Elaphurus davidianus in Dafeng
张宜贵1, Ullah Sana1, Takasu Fugo2, 李忠秋1*
点击:244次 下载:18次
DOI:10.11984/j.issn.1000-7083.20190221
作者单位:1. 南京大学生命科学学院动物行为与保护实验室, 南京 210023;
2. 奈良女子大学环境科学学部, 日本奈良630-8506
中文关键字:日本梅花鹿;麋鹿;反刍;咀嚼
英文关键字:Cervus nippon nippon; Elaphurus davidianus; ruminant; chewing
中文摘要:家养有蹄类动物的反刍行为已有大量研究,而受限于野外条件,野生有蹄类动物反刍行为的研究有限。以往研究认为,体型可能是影响动物反刍行为的重要因素。本研究以日本奈良公园日本梅花鹿Cervus nippon nippon和中国江苏大丰麋鹿Elaphurus davidianus为研究对象,观察记录并比较分析了发情期的日本梅花鹿与发情期的麋鹿在卧息时反刍行为的种内及种间差异。按照年龄性别差异,分5种类型(成年雄性、成年雌性、亚成雄性、亚成雌性和幼鹿)研究两物种食团咀嚼时间、咀嚼频率和咀嚼速率的差异。结果表明,1)日本梅花鹿的咀嚼速率和食团咀嚼时间受性别-年龄的显著影响:咀嚼速率为幼体 > 亚成雌性 > 亚成雄性 > 成年雌性 > 成年雄性,而食团咀嚼时间为成年雄性 > 亚成雄性 > 成年雌性 > 亚成雌性 > 幼体;2)性别-年龄对麋鹿咀嚼频率有显著的影响,成年雄性 < 成年雌性 < 亚成雄性 < 亚成雌性 < 幼体;3)两物种在咀嚼频率、食团咀嚼时间和咀嚼速率上的差异均有统计学意义,体型更大的麋鹿咀嚼速率更慢,食团咀嚼时间更长。与体型相关的性别及年龄显著影响了日本梅花鹿和麋鹿的反刍行为。
英文摘要:Lots of researches have been conducted on the rumination behavior of domestic ungulates. However, due to the limitation of field observation, few rumination behavior studies were performed on wild ungulates. Here we observed the sika deer (Cervus nippon nippon) in Nara Park, Japan and Père David's deer (Elaphurus davidianus) in Jiangsu province, China, to explore the effect of sex and age on their ruminating behaviors of rest in rutting seasons. The individuals of the 2 deer species were classified into 5 categories: adult male, adult female, sub-adult male, sub-adult female and fawn. Three specific parameters were set to reflect rumination behavior: bolus processing time, chewing frequency (number of chews of a bolus), and chewing rate (number of chewing per second). The results showed that, 1) the chewing rate of C. nippon nippon and the bolus processing time were significantly influenced by sex and age. Meanwhile, the chewing rate of C. nippon nippon decreased in the following order: fawns > subadult females > subadult males > adult females > adult males, while the bolus processing time decreased as follows: adult males > subadult males > adult females > subadult females > fawns; 2) The chewing frequency of E. davidianus was also significantly influenced by sex and age; 3) There were significant interspecific differences in chewing frequency, bolus processing time and chewing rate between C. nippon nippon and E. davidianus. These results suggest that sex and age, which are accordant to body size of deer, are associated with the inter- and intra-specific differences of rumination behavior in both deer species.
2020,39(1): 50-55 收稿日期:2019-06-24
分类号:Q959.8
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(31772470);中日友好交流2018樱花计划项目
作者简介:张宜贵(1995-),男,硕士研究生,主要研究方向为动物认知,E-mail:yiguizzu@163.com
*通信作者:李忠秋,E-mail:lizq@nju.edu.cn
参考文献:
郭延蜀. 2001. 四川梅花鹿食性的研究[J]. 西华师范大学学报(自然科学版), 22(2):112-119.
蒋志刚, 丁玉华. 2011. 大丰麋鹿与生物多样性[M]. 北京:中国林业出版社.
戚文华, 岳碧松, 宁继祖, 等. 2010. 四川梅花鹿的行为谱及PAE编码系统[J]. 应用生态学报, 21(2):442-451.
宋延龄, 刘志涛. 2005. 珍稀动物——梅花鹿及其研究[J]. 生物学通报, 40(7):1-3.
王轶, 王文. 2011. 北京南海子麋鹿苑麋鹿食性分析[J]. 野生动物, 32(2):65-68.
Bell RHV. 1971. A grazing ecosystem in the Serengeti[J]. Scientific American, 225(225):86-93.
Blanchard P, Fritz H. 2008. Seasonal variation in rumination parameters of free-ranging impalas Aepyceros melampus[J]. Wildlife Biology, 14(3):372-378.
Das N, Maitra DN, Bisht GS. 1999. Genetic and non-genetic factors influencing ingestive behavior of sheep under stall-feeding conditions[J]. Small Ruminant Research, 32(2):129-136.
Gross JE, Demment MW, Alkon PU, et al. 1995. Feeding and chewing behaviours of Nubian ibex:compensation for sex-related differences in body size[J]. Functional Ecology, 9(3):385-393.
Jarman PJ. 1974. The social organisation of antelope in relation to their ecology[J]. Behaviour, 48(3/4):215-267.
Li ZQ. 2013. Sex-age related rumination behavior of Père David's deer under constraints of habitat and rainfall[J/OL]. PLoS ONE, 8(6):e66261[2019-03-01]. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0066261.
Mellado M, Rodríguez A, Villarreal JA, et al. 2005. Gender and tooth wear effects on diets of grazing goats[J]. Small Ruminant Research, 57(2):105-114.
Moquin P, Curry B, Pelletier F, et al. 2010. Plasticity in the rumination behaviour of bighorn sheep:contrasting strategies between the sexes?[J]. Animal Behaviour, 79(5):1047-1053.
Oakes EJ, Harmsen R, Eberl C. 1992. Sex, age, and seasonal differences in the diets and activity budgets of muskoxen (Ovibos moschatus)[J]. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 70(3):605-616.
Pérez-Barbería FJ, Gordon IJ. 1998. The influence of molar occlusal surface area on the voluntary intake, digestion, chewing behaviour and diet selection of red deer (Cervus elaphus)[J]. Journal of Zoology, 245(3):307-316.
Pérez-Barbería FJ, Gordon IJ. 2010. Factors affecting food comminution during chewing in ruminants:a review[J]. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 63(2):233-256.
Pérez-Barbería FJ, Pérez-Fernández E, Robertson E, et al. 2008. Does the Jarman-Bell principle at intra-specific level explain sexual segregation in polygynous ungulates? Sex differences in forage digestibility in Soay sheep[J]. Oecologia, 157(1):21-30.
Ruckstuhl KE. 1998. Foraging behaviour and sexual segregation in bighorn sheep[J]. Animal Behaviour, 56(1):99-106.
Shipley LA, Gross JE, Spalinger DE, et al. 1994. The scaling of intake rate in mammalian herbivores[J]. American Naturalist, 143(6):1055-1082.
Soest PJ. 1994. Nutritional ecology of the ruminant[M]. Ithaca:Cornell University Press
Toit JTD, Yetman CA. 2005. Effects of body size on the diurnal activity budgets of African browsing ruminants[J]. Oecologia, 143(2):317-325.
Wang MY, Alves J, Tucker M, et al. 2018. Effects of intrinsic and extrinsic factors on ruminating, grazing, and bedding time in bighorn sheep (Ovis canadensis)[J/OL]. PLoS ONE, 13(10):e206664[2019-03-01].https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0206664.
Wilson JR. 1994. Cell wall characteristics in relation to forage digestion by ruminants[J]. Journal of Agricultural Science, 122(2):173-182.
读者评论

      读者ID: 密码:   
我要评论:
国内统一连续出版物号:51-1193/Q |国际标准出版物号:1000-7083
主管单位:四川省科学技术协会  主办单位:四川省动物学会/成都大熊猫繁育研究基金会/四川省野生动植物保护协会/四川大学
开户银行:中国工商银行四川分行营业部东大支行(工行成都东大支行营业室)  帐户名:四川省动物学会  帐号:4402 2980 0900 0012 596
版权所有©2020四川动物》编辑部 蜀ICP备08107403号
您是本站第8309491名访问者

川公网安备 51010702000173号