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运动训练和停训对鲈鲤幼鱼游泳能力的影响
Effect of Exercise Training and Detraining on Swimming Performance of Juvenile Percocypris pingi
鲁艳1, 李茂华1, 甘维熊2, 曾如奎2, 宋昭彬1,3*
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DOI:10.11984/j.issn.1000-7083.20190057
作者单位:1. 四川大学生命科学学院, 四川省濒危野生动物保护生物学重点实验室, 成都 610065;
2. 雅砻江流域水电开发有限公司, 成都 610015;
3. 四川大学生命科学学院, 生物资源与生态环境教育部重点实验室, 成都 610065
中文关键字:鲈鲤;运动训练;停训;临界游泳速度;耐受时间
英文关键字:Percocypris pingi; exercise training; detraining; critical swimming speed; endurance time
中文摘要:为探讨运动训练和停训对鲈鲤Percocypris pingi幼鱼运动能力的影响,将480尾(体质量为2.18 g±0.12 g,体长为5.33 cm±0.09 cm)鲈鲤幼鱼随机分为4组(每组120尾):对照组(C)、无氧训练组(An)、4 BL·s-1组(BL为体长)(H)和2 BL·s-1组(L)(H组和L组每天均训练8 h),在15℃±2℃条件下持续训练30 d后停训。分别在训练前(T0)、训练30 d后(T30)、停训20 d后(DT20)和停训50 d后(DT50)测定鲈鲤幼鱼的临界游泳速度(Ucrit)和1.5Ucrit条件下的耐受时间。结果显示:(1)持续运动训练显著提高了鲈鲤幼鱼的有氧和无氧运动能力,而力竭运动训练只提高了鲈鲤幼鱼的无氧运动能力;(2)停训20 d后,L组的Ucrit显著高于An组和C组,An组、H组和C组间的差异无统计学意义,而An组和H组的耐受时间仍显著高于对照组,L组和C组间的差异无统计学意义;(3)停训50 d后,实验组和C组间Ucrit和耐受时间的差异均无统计学意义。因此,运动训练显著提高了鲈鲤幼鱼的有氧和无氧运动能力,但不同训练方式的提升效果及其维持时间不同。
英文摘要:To investigate the effect of exercise training and detraining on swimming performance of juvenile Percocypris pingi, 480 fish (body mass=2.18 g±0.12 g, body length=5.33 cm±0.09 cm) were randomly divided into 4 groups (120 fish per group): control group (C), anaerobic training group (An), 4 body length (BL)·s-1 group (H) and 2 BL·s-1 group (L). H and L groups were trained 8 hours per day. All the groups were subjected to exercise training for 30 days and then detrained at 15 ℃±2 ℃. Critical swimming speed (Ucrit) and endurance time at 1.5Ucrit were measured at the beginning (T0), after 30 days of exercise training (T30), after 20 (DT20) and 50 (DT50) days of detraining. The results showed that the sustained exercise training induced a significant increase in aerobic and anaerobic swimming performance of juvenile P. pingi (P<0.05), while exhaustive chasing training only improved the anaerobic swimming performance. After 20 days of detraining, Ucrit of group L was greatly higher than that of groups An and C, while no statistically significant difference was detected between groups An, H and C. On the contrary, the endurance time (at 1.5Ucrit) of groups An and H was significantly greater than that of group C, while that of groups L and C was not significantly different with each other. After 50 days of detraining, there was no significant difference in Ucrit and endurance time (at 1.5Ucrit) between the training and control groups. Therefore, exercise training significantly improved the aerobic and anaerobic swimming performance of juvenile P. pingi, whereas the improvement and maintenance of exercise training varied in different training modes.
2019,38(4): 361-367 收稿日期:2019-02-12
分类号:Q959.4;Q175
基金项目:雅砻江流域水电开发有限公司项目(YLDC-ZBA-2018116)
作者简介:鲁艳(1994-),女,硕士研究生,研究方向:鱼类行为学,E-mail:13281100569@163.com
*通信作者:宋昭彬,教授,博士生导师,E-mail:zbsong@scu.edu.cn
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