刊期:双月刊
主管单位:四川省科学技术协会
主办单位:四川省动物学会/成都大熊猫繁育研究基金会/四川省野生动植物保护协会/四川大学
地址:四川省成都市武侯区望江路29号四川大学生命科学学院内
邮编:610065
电话:028-85410485; 15881112385
传真:028-85410485
E-Mail:scdwzz@vip.163.com & scdwzz001@163.com
刊号:ISSN 1000-7083
        CN 51-1193/Q
国内发行代号:
国际发行代号:
发行范围:国内外公开发布
定价:50元/册
定价:300元/年

您所在位置:首页->过刊浏览->2019年第38卷第3期

贡嘎山国家级自然保护区兔狲的活动节律与适宜栖息地预测
Habitat Suitability Assessment and Daily Activity Patterns of Otocolobus manul in the Gongga Mountain National Nature Reserve
赵栋1, 杨创明1,2, 和梅香1, 陈俪心1, 何兴成1, 冉江洪1*
点击:391次 下载:2次
DOI:10.11984/j.issn.1000-7083.20180410
作者单位:1. 四川大学生命科学学院, 生物资源与生态环境教育部重点实验室, 成都 610065;
2. 四川贡嘎山国家级自然保护区管理局, 四川康定 626000
中文关键字:兔狲;适宜栖息地;活动节律;贡嘎山国家级自然保护区
英文关键字:Otocolobus manul; suitable habitat; daily activity pattern; Gongga Mountain National Nature Reserve
中文摘要:2016年6月—2017年5月,采用红外相机陷阱法研究了四川贡嘎山国家级自然保护区兔狲Otocolobus manul的活动节律,以样线法和红外相机调查得到的兔狲分布点为数据源,采用最大熵(MaxEnt)模型预测了兔狲的适宜栖息地分布。结果显示:(1)兔狲分布在海拔3 780~4 956 m的灌丛、草甸和流石滩生境,其中87.2%的分布点位于海拔4 500 m以上;(2)日活动差异指数为0.071 2,昼行性指数为0.34,兔狲的活动高峰为05∶00—07∶00和20∶00—22∶00;(3)增强型植被指数2年最大值均值、海拔、平均日较差和气温年较差是影响兔狲栖息地选择的主要环境因子,兔狲偏好在海拔4 000 m以上、温差较大的高山流石滩生境活动,保护区兔狲的适宜栖息地面积为187 km2,占保护区总面积的4.56%。本研究充实了兔狲的生物学、生态学资料,也为该物种的保护管理提供了参考资料。
英文摘要:From June 2016 to May 2017, the daily activity pattern of the Pallas's cat (Otocolobus manul) was studied in the Gongga Mountain National Nature Reserve of Sichuan province, China. Data of O. manul distribution was first gathered through sample collection along line transects and infrared camera trapping. The maximum entropy (MaxEnt) model was then used to predict the distribution of suitable habitat for the species. The results showed that:(1) O. manul distributed in altitudes between 3 780-4 956 m, and occurred within regions consisting of shrubland, meadow and alpine scree habitat, and 87.2% of them were occurred in an altitude above 4 500 m. (2) Daily-discrepancy index and diurnal-nocturnal index were 0.071 2 and 0.34, respectively. The activity peaks were 05:00-07:00 and 20:00-22:00. (3)Two-year maximum mean value of the enhanced vegetation index, altitude, mean diurnal range, and the temperature of the annual range are the most important predictive factors for the model. O. manul occurred mainly in alpine screes and the in areas with large difference in temperature above an altitude of 4 000 m. The area of suitable habitat is 187 km2, covering 4.56% of the total study area. This study provides important information and data reference for the biological and ecological studies of O. manul, and for further protection and management of this species.
2019,38(3): 320-327 收稿日期:2018-12-28
分类号:Q959.8;Q958.1
基金项目:四川贡嘎山国家级自然保护区管理局雪豹监测项目
作者简介:赵栋,硕士研究生,研究方向:野生动物保护,E-mail:zhaodong237@yeah.net
*通信作者:冉江洪,E-mail:rjhong-01@163.com
参考文献:
陈良. 2007. 黑麂栖息地特征和栖息地选择的季节变化[D]. 金华:浙江师范大学.
崔绍朋, 罗晓, 李春旺, 等. 2018. 基于MaxEnt模型预测白唇鹿的潜在分布区[J]. 生物多样性, 26(2):171-176.
蒋志刚, 马克平. 2014. 保护生物学原理[M]. 北京:科学出版社.
金建丽, 张春美, 杨春文. 2003. 棕背昼夜活动节律的研究[J]. 应用生态学报, 14(6):1019-1022.
李明富, 李晟, 王大军, 等. 2011. 四川唐家河自然保护区扭角羚冬春季日活动模式研究[J]. 四川动物, 30(6):850-855.
李维红, 吴建平. 2011. 旱獭、麝鼠、兔狲、青鼬、石貂毛绒纤维超微结构比较[J]. 畜牧兽医学报, 42(7):994-999.
罗述金. 2014.中国猫科动物[M]. 北京:中国林业出版社.
乔麦菊, 唐卓, 施小刚, 等. 2017. 基于MaxEnt模型的卧龙国家级自然保护区雪豹(Panthera uncia)适宜栖息地预测[J]. 四川林业科技, 38(6):1-4.
沈泽昊, 刘增力, 伍杰. 2004. 贡嘎山东坡植物区系的垂直分布格局[J]. 生物多样性, 12(1):89-98.
汪国海, 施泽攀, 李生强, 等. 2015. 基于红外相机技术的赤麂活动模式分析[J]. 广西师范大学学报(自然科学版), 33(3):117-122.
余翔, 陈俊橙, 王彬, 等. 2017. 四川小寨子沟国家级自然保护区绿尾虹雉种群密度调查与栖息地评价[J]. 四川动物, 36(4):361-367.
张于光, 何丽, 朵海瑞, 等. 2009. 基于粪便 DNA 的青海雪豹种群遗传结构初步研究[J]. 兽类学报, 29(3):310-315.
张正旺, 郑光美. 1999. 鸟类栖息地选择研究进展[M]. 北京:中国林业出版社.
周岐海, 黄恒连, 唐小平, 等. 2012. 白头叶猴全雄群的日活动节律和活动时间分配[J]. 广西师范大学学报(自然科学版), 30(3):282-287.
朱安国. 1999. 雄性兔狲生殖器官特征[J]. 上海畜牧兽医通讯, 5:20-21.
朱安国. 2002. 兔狲消化腺特征[J]. 青海大学学报, 18(1):7-9.
Barashkova A, Smelansky I. 2011. Pallas's cat in the Altai Republic, Russia[J]. Cat News, 54:1-7.
Clark EL, Munkhbat J, Dulamtseren S, et al. 2006. Summary conservation action plans for Mongolian mammals[M]. London:Zoological Society of London.
Damdinsuren B, Herrick JE, Pyke DA, et al. 2008. Is rangeland health relevant to Mongolia?[J]. Rangelands, 30:25-29.
David B. 1994. Seasonal differences in habitat selection by black grouse in the northern Pennines[J]. IBIS, 136:39-43.
Fox JL, Dorji T. 2007. High elevation record for occurrence of the manul or Pallas's cat on the northwestern Tibetan Plateau, China[J]. Cat News, 46:35.
Halles S, Sthenseth NC. 2000. Activity patterns in small mammals:an ecological approach[M]. New York:Springer.
Heptner VG, Sludskii AA, Bannikov AG. 1992. Mammals of the Soviet Union. Volume Ⅱ, Part 2:Carnivora (hyaenas and cats)[M]. Washington DC:Smithsonian Institution and the National Science Foundation.
Hijmans RJ, Cameron SE, Parra JL, et al. 2005. Very high resolution interpolated climate surfaces for global land areas[J]. International Journal of Climatology, 25:1965-1978.
Lorenzón RE, Beltzer AH, Olguin PF, et al. 2016. Habitat heterogeneity drives bird species richness, nestedness and habitat selection by individual species in fluvial wetlands of the Paraná River, Argentina[J]. Austral Ecology, 41(7):829-841.
Mallon D. 2002.Manul sighting in Qinghai[J]. Cat News, 36:18.
Momsen ML, Marcot BG, Mannan RW. 1992. Wildlife habitat relationships:concepts and application[M]. Wisconsin:The University of Wisconsin Press.
Murdoch JD, Munkhzul T, Reading RP. 2006. Pallas' cat ecology and conservation in the semidesert steppes of Mongolia[J]. Cat News, 45:18-19.
Nowell K, Jackson P. 1996. Wild cats-status survey and conservation action plan[M]. Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK:IUCN/SSC Cat Specialist Group.
O'Brien TG, Kinnaird MF, Wibisono HT. 2003. Crouching tigers, hidden prey:Sumatran tiger and prey populations in a tropical forest landscape[J]. Animal Conservation Forum, 6(2):131-139.
Phillips SJ, Anderson RP, Schapire RE. 2006. Maximum entropy modelling of species geographic distributions[J]. Ecological Modelling, 190:231-259.
Ridout MS, Linkie M. 2009. Estimating overlap of daily activity patterns from camera trap data[J]. Journal of Agricultural, Biological, and Environmental Statistics, 14(3):322-337.
Ross S. 2009. Providing an ecological basis for the conservation of the Pallas's cat Otocolobus manul[D]. Bristol, UK:University of Bristol.
Ross S, Barashkova Y, Farhadinia, et al. 2015. Otocolobus manul[J].[2018-12-20]. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2015:e.T 15640A50657610.
Ross S, Munktsog B, Harris S. 2012. Determinants of mesocarnivore range use:relative effects of prey and habitat properties on Pallas's cat home-range size[J]. Journal of Mammalogy 93(5):1292-1300.
Smith AT, Xie Y. 2008. A guide to the mammals of China[M]. New Jersey:Princeton University Press.
Sunquist M, Sunquist F. 2002. Wild cats of the world[J]. Chicago:University of Chicago Press.
读者评论

      读者ID: 密码:   
我要评论:
国内统一连续出版物号:51-1193/Q |国际标准出版物号:1000-7083
主管单位:四川省科学技术协会  主办单位:四川省动物学会/成都大熊猫繁育研究基金会/四川省野生动植物保护协会/四川大学
开户银行:中国工商银行四川分行营业部东大支行(工行成都东大支行营业室)  帐户名:四川省动物学会  帐号:4402 2980 0900 0012 596
版权所有©2020四川动物》编辑部 蜀ICP备08107403号
您是本站第8067462名访问者

川公网安备 51010702000173号